Sentences can be divided into single sentences and complex sentences according to their internal structure. A single sentence is a linguistic unit that is acted as a phrase or word, has a specific intonation, and can independently express a certain meaning. A complex sentence is composed of two or more clauses that are related in meaning and do not constitute each other in terms of structure. There is usually a pause between each clause in a compound sentence, which is indicated by a comma, semicolon or colon in writing; there are isolated phonetic pauses before and after the compound sentence, which is indicated by a period, question mark, or exclamation mark in writing.
我是中国人。 ｜购买力提高了。 ｜张老师教我们算术。 ｜一句话逗得大家笑起来。
田野绿了。 ｜大桥十分雄伟。 ｜天气热得十分厉害。 ｜她真漂亮。
今天星期天。 ｜4月5日清明节。 ｜小伙子高高的个子。 ｜鲁迅浙江绍兴人。
老大娘心事太重。 ｜她性情温和。 ｜这个问题我们研究过。 ｜奶奶一个字也不认识。
下雨了。 ｜随手关门。 ｜请勿抽烟。 ｜加油!
这本书我看过，而且看过不止一次。 ｜这种西瓜不仅个儿大，而且很好吃。 ｜我热爱家乡，特别热爱今天的家乡。
桌子上有一本书。 ｜他是医生。 ｜你去通知他吧。 ｜这是我记错了。 ｜这种说法绝对不对。
你站起来。 ｜快去吧。 ｜请把桌上的报纸递给我。 ｜不要再闹了。 ｜禁止在场内吸烟!｜不要这样称呼我吧!
Modern Chinese Basic Sentence Pattern Table
Subject-predicate sentence: A sentence composed of a subject-predicate phrase is called a subject-predicate sentence.
Verb predicate sentence
I am Chinese. ｜Purchasing power has increased. ｜Ms. Zhang teaches us arithmetic. ｜One sentence made everyone laugh.
The fields are green. ｜The bridge is very majestic. ｜The weather is very hot. ｜She is so beautiful.
Noun predicate sentence
today is Sunday. ｜Ching Ming Festival on April 5. ｜The young man is tall. ｜Lu Xun, from Shaoxing, Zhejiang.
The old lady is too worried. ｜She has a gentle temperament. ｜We have studied this problem. ｜Grandma doesn’t know a word.
Non-subject-predicate sentence: A sentence composed of a single word or phrase other than the subject-predicate phrase is called a non-subject-predicate sentence.
Noun non-subject-predicate sentence
What a big wind! | What a beautiful picture! | Where is my book? | A warm afternoon.
Verb non-subject-predicate sentence
It’s raining. ｜Close the door easily. ｜Don’t smoke. ｜Come on!
Adjective non-subject-predicate sentence
Great! | Great! | Slow down. ｜How wonderful!
Interjection non-subject-predicate sentence
Alas! (coming.)｜Hey! (Hurry up.)｜Ah! (It’s hard to tell in a word.)｜Ouch!
He ran while crying. ｜I neither go out nor do I have anything to do.
Commonly used related words: also, and, both…and, on one side…on the other side, not…but.
He walked over and pulled her up. ｜He served the meal, brought it over, and put it on the dinner table.
Related words are: again, then, then.
I have read this book, and I have read it more than once. ｜This watermelon is not only big, but also delicious. ｜I love my hometown, especially my hometown today.
Commonly used related words: not only…but, and, even more, not only…but…
Instead of kneeling to live, it is better to stand and die. ｜Either you remembered it wrong, or I forgot.
Related words mainly include: rather than…, or…or, either…or, or…or.
Total score relationship
Death has different meanings, some are as heavy as a mountain, and some are as light as a feather. ｜War can be divided into two categories, one is just, and the other is unjust.
There must be at least two levels.
The article is not long, but the content is rich. ｜He is not very old, but his knowledge is very unusual.
Commonly used related words: but, but, but, but, although…but.
Even with all kinds of difficulties and dangers, we can’t stop our progress. ｜If you don’t fail one test after another, you won’t get the final success.
Commonly used related words: if…just, even if…just, if…just.
To transform the desert, there must be sufficient water sources. ｜Only by careful investigation and research, can the situation be clarified.
The main related words are: only…only, unless…only, no matter (no matter)…also (all).
I am very grateful to you because you taught me many things. ｜Since you are not interested in that meeting, you don’t have to go to it.
Mainly related words: because…so, since…then, the reason…is because.
In order to increase productivity, it is necessary to continuously carry out technological innovation. ｜We changed to a plane so we won’t miss the meeting.
Mainly related words: for the sake of, for the sake of, for the sake of.
<Divided by Role>
There is a book on the table. ｜He is a doctor. ｜Go and notify him. ｜This is what I remembered wrong. ｜This statement is absolutely wrong.
Sentences that tell things, use a gentle statement tone. Including positive statements, negative statements, and emphasized statements. At the end, modal particles such as “的, 了, 了, quit” are often used.
Who is the cutest person?｜Is this your clothes?｜How old is he?｜Will you go or me?｜Do you like watching movies?｜Have you seen him?｜He wants to go or Unwilling to go?
Question sentences are generally used in interrogative tone. Including specific questions, right and wrong questions, choice questions, positive and negative questions.
stand up. ｜Go ahead. ｜Please pass me the newspaper on the table. ｜Stop making trouble. ｜No smoking in the venue!｜Don’t call me like that!
Sentences that ask others to do or not to do, use imperative intonation. Generally, it is divided into two categories: expressing requirements and expressing prohibition. Modal particles such as “ba, ah” can be used at the end of the sentence.
Ha, it looks like this! | Great! | This bridge is really long! | How beautiful is the Fragrant Hill Park in autumn!
A sentence that expresses a strong feeling, using an exclamatory tone. Modal particles such as “ah, la” are often used at the end of the sentence.