句型一般指单句句型。Sentence patterns generally refer to single sentence patterns.
句型是根据句子的结构（句法成分的配置格局）对不同的单句进行分类，从而划分出的类型。Sentence pattern is the classification of different single sentences according to the structure of the sentence (the configuration pattern of the syntactic components), and thus the types are divided.
Sentence patterns are divided into subject-predicate sentences and non-subject-predicate sentences:
- Subject-predicate sentences are divided into three categories: verb-predicate sentences, adjective-predicate sentences, and noun-predicate sentences. (Note that some materials on the Internet classify “subject-predicate sentences” as “sentence patterns”. In order to avoid confusion among netizens, it is hereby explained that in the latest version of “Modern Chinese” (Huang Borong), subject-predicate sentences have been removed Out of the “sentence pattern” category, divided into the “sentence pattern” category)
- Non-subject-predicate sentences are divided into five categories: verbal non-subject-predicate sentences, adjective non-subject-predicate sentences, nominal non-subject-predicate sentences, interjection sentences, and onomatopoeic sentences.
Definition: The sentence pattern is the structure category of the sentence, that is, the category divided according to the configuration pattern of the syntactic components.
The difference between sentence pattern and sentence pattern
Sentence patterns and sentence patterns are class names classified according to structure. The sentence pattern is the upper class name classified according to the characteristics of the whole sentence, and the sentence pattern is the lower class name classified according to the local characteristics of the sentence.
Double object sentence
The single sentence composed of the subject and the predicate is called the subject-predicate sentence. From the perspective of the composition of the predicate, it can be divided into the following subcategories:
1. Verb predicate sentence
A sentence in which a verb or a verb phrase serves as a predicate is called a verb-predicate sentence. It can be classified into the following types:
(1) Main + move + guest
The sun slanting west ‖ shines on the whole street.
(2) Main + Action + Complement
The shoulders are worn out.
(3) Main + Action + Complement + Guest
The Three Gorges of the Yangtze River have left many people’s dreams.
(4) Main + State + Movement
We’ve discussed it before.
(5) Main + State + Movement + Complement
He only agreed.
(6) Main + State + Action + Complement + Guest
I went to Beijing recently.
2. Adjective predicate sentence
Sentences that use adjectives or adjective phrases as predicates are called adjective predicates.
The footsteps of spring are near.
The weather is clear.
The late sea breeze is fresh and cool.
3. Noun predicate sentence
Sentences that use nominal words as predicates are called noun-predicated sentences.
How much is this book?
This dress is from Xiao Li.
A single sentence that cannot distinguish between the subject and the predicate is called a non-subject-predicate sentence. It is composed of phrases or words other than subject-predicate phrases plus sentence tone.
Verb non-subject-predicate sentence: It is composed of verbs and sentences.
Adjective non-subject-predicate sentence: It is composed of adjectives or adjective phrases.
Nominal non-subject-predicate sentence: It is composed of nouns or definite middle phrases.
Interjection sentence: It is composed of interjection.
Onomatopoeia: It consists of onomatopoeia.