汉语日常用语三十句 Top 30 Everyday Chinese Phrases – Pinyin & English Subtitles

 

汉语,又称中文、唐话、华语,指整个汉语族或者其语族里的一种语言。汉语族为分析语的一支家族,属汉藏语系。汉语如视为单一语言,为世界使用人数最多的语言,目前世界有五分之一人口做为母语。其有多种分支,当中官话最为流行,其衍生而来的现代标准汉语,为中华人民共和国的普通话、以及中华民国的国语,同时是华人地区的通用语。此外,汉语还是联合国正式语文,并被上海合作组织等国际组织采用为官方语言。汉语在以其做为母语的地方会有不同的通称,例如在台湾、香港及澳门通称为「中文」,在马来西亚及新加坡通称为「华语」等。

Chinese, also known as Chinese, Tang dialect, and Mandarin, refers to the entire Chinese family or a language in its language family. The Chinese is a family of analytical languages, belonging to the Sino-Tibetan language family. If Chinese is regarded as a single language, it is the most spoken language in the world. At present, one-fifth of the world’s population is the mother tongue. It has many branches, among which Mandarin is the most popular.
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中文陈述句的定义和分类 Definition and Classification of Chinese Declarative Sentences

 

陈述句是一种叙事、描写、说明、议论性的句子,它给听话人或读者以信息,一般应包括新的信息。在非对话中,陈述句出现的数量最多。在对话中,当一个人连续说一段话时,也可以有陈述句。陈述句又可以分为几类,我们称作语体。主要有叙述体、描写体、说明体、论说体。

Declarative sentence is a narrative, descriptive, explanatory, and argumentative sentence, which is intended for listeners or readers. In terms of information, it should generally include new information. In non-dialogue, the declarative sentence appears the most many. In a dialogue, when a person speaks a paragraph continuously, there can also be declarative sentences. Declarative sentences can be divided into several categories, which we call styles. There are mainly narrative, descriptive, explanatory and argumentative.
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学中文【反语】Types of Irony in Chinese Rhetoric 汉语修辞手法分类-反讽

 
irony-in-chinese

反语是指正话反说或反话正说,又称“反讽”、“反说”、“反辞”等,即通常所说的“说反话”,运用跟本意相反的词语来表达此意,却含有否定、讽刺以及嘲弄的意思,是一种带有强烈感情色彩的修辞方法。不论是正话反说,还是反话正说,比起直白的表达来都更为有力,语气更为强烈,情感更为充沛,给人的印象也更加鲜明。辞表和辞里的极端偏离,使言外之意、弦外之音更为深刻。

例句 Example sentence:
nǐ zhēn cōng ming ! zhè me róng yì de tí mù yě huì zuò cuò ?
你真聪明!这么容易的题目也会做错?
You are so smart! How did you make a mistake for such an easy question?
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中文句型分类 Chinese Sentence Patterns 主谓句 vs 非主谓句 (Simple Sentences)

 

句型一般指单句句型。Sentence patterns generally refer to single sentence patterns.

句型是根据句子的结构(句法成分的配置格局)对不同的单句进行分类,从而划分出的类型。Sentence pattern is the classification of different single sentences according to the structure of the sentence (the configuration pattern of the syntactic components), and thus the types are divided.

句型分为主谓句和非主谓句两大类:

  • 主谓句又分为三小类:动词谓语句,形容词谓语句,名词谓语句。(注意,网络上有些资料把“主谓谓语句”归为“句型”类,为了避免网友疑惑,特此说明,在最新版本的《现代汉语》(黄伯荣)中,主谓谓语句被移除出了“句型”类,划分到了“句式”类)
  • 非主谓句又分为五小类:动词性非主谓句,形容词性非主谓句,名词性非主谓句,叹词句,拟声词句。

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学中文【双重否定】Double Negative Sentences in Chinese 加强肯定 (例句解析)

 

汉语中的双重否定 Double Negatives in Chinese(例句解析)

汉语有两种类型的双重否定句式:一是一般的双重否定句式,这是连用两个否定词组成的;二是特殊的双重否定句式,这是由一个否定词和一个反问词组成的反问句。 There are two types of double-negative sentence patterns in Chinese: one is a general double-negative sentence pattern, which is composed of two negative words; the other is a special double-negative sentence pattern, which is composed of a negative word and a rhetorical question.

否定性词语汇总 Summary of Negative Words
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