中文比较句 Chinese Comparative Sentences – 汉语句型结构分析 Analysis of Chinese Sentence Structure

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zhōng wén bǐ jiào jù
中文比较句
Chinese Comparative Sentences

bǐ jiào jù shì yòng lái bǐ jiào bù tóng rén huò shì wù de chā bié de jù zi .
比较句是用来比较不同人或事物的差别的句子。
Comparative sentences are sentences used to compare the differences between different people or things.

jù shì yī : A+bǐ+B+xíng róng cí
句式一:A+比+B+形容词
Sentence Pattern 1: A+bǐ+B+adjective

wǒ bǐ tā gāo .
我比他高。
I am taller than him.

wǒ bǐ tā gāo yì diǎn .
我比他高一点。
I am a little taller than him.

wǒ bǐ tā gāo wǔ lí mǐ .
我比他高5厘米。
I am 5 cm taller than him.

jù shì èr : A+bǐ+B+dòng cí+de+xíng róng cí
句式二:A+比+B+动词+得+形容词
Sentence Pattern 2: A+bǐ+B+verb+de+adjective

wǒ bǐ tā tiào de gāo .
我比他跳得高。
I jumped higher than him.

jù shì sān : A+bǐ+B+gèng/hái+xíng róng cí
句式三:A+比+B+更/还+形容词
Sentence Pattern 3: A+bǐ+B+more+ adjective

zhè gè fáng jiān bǐ nà gè gèng dà .
这个房间比那个更大。
This room is bigger than that one.

jīn tiān bǐ zuó tiān hái lěng .
今天比昨天还冷。
Today is colder than yesterday.

jù shì sì : A+bǐ+B+zǎo/wǎn/duō/shǎo+…
句式四:A+比+B+早/晚/多/少+…
Sentence Pattern 4: A+bǐ+B+earlier/later/more/less than+…

tā bǐ wǒ wǎn dào xué xiào bàn xiǎo shí .
她比我晚到学校半小时。
She arrived at school half an hour later than me.

wǒ bǐ tā duō xué le liǎng nián zhōng wén .
我比他多学了两年中文。
I have studied Chinese two years longer than him.

jù shì wǔ : yì tiān+bǐ+yì tiān+xíng róng cí
句式五:一天+比+一天+形容词
Sentence Pattern 5: one day+bǐ+one day+adjective

tiān qì yì tiān bǐ yì tiān rè le .
天气一天比一天热了。
The weather is getting hotter day by day.

jù shì liù : A méi yǒu(bù rú/bú xiàng/bù bǐ)+B+zhè me(nà me)+xíng róng cí
句式六:A+没有(不如/不像/不比)+B+这么(那么)+形容词
Sentence Pattern 6: A+No (not as good as)+B+so(then)+adjective

běi fāng méi yǒu nán fāng zhè me rè .
北方没有南方这么热。
The north is not as hot as the south.

bà ba shàng bān bù rú yǐ qián nà me máng .
爸爸上班不如以前那么忙。
Dad is not as busy at work as before.

jiù yè xíng shì yì tiān bù rú yì tiān le .
就业形势一天不如一天了。
The employment situation is getting worse day by day.

tā bú xiàng gē ge nà me ài yóu yǒng .
他不像哥哥那么爱游泳。
He doesn’t like swimming as much as his brother.

jù shì qī : A+gēn(hé/tóng/yǔ)+B+yí yàng(dōu/tóng shí)+…
句式七:A+跟(和/同/与)+B+一样(都/同时)+…
Sentence 7: A+and+B+same(both/at the same time)+…

tā pǎo de hé yǐ qián yí yàng kuài .
他跑得和以前一样快。
He ran as fast as before.

xiǎo qiú hé dà qiú dōu shì wǒ de .
小球和大球都是我的。
Both the small ball and the big ball are mine.

wǒ gēn tā tóng shí jǔ shǒu .
我跟他同时举手。
I raised my hands at the same time as him.

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