汉语疑问词大全 A Complete Collection of Chinese Interrogative|中文语法基础知识 Basic Chinese Grammar

疑问词是用来构建疑问句的词语。疑问句是用来提出问题的语句。
Interrogative words are words used to construct interrogative sentences, and interrogative sentences are sentences used to raise questions.

现代汉语疑问词,由疑问代词、疑问语气词和疑问副词这三大类组成。
Modern Chinese interrogative words are composed of three categories: interrogative pronouns, interrogative particles and interrogative adverbs.

1、汉语疑问代词主要分为以下8类:
1. Chinese interrogative pronouns are mainly divided into the following 8 categories:

rén wù : shuí , shén me( rén) , nǎ gè rén , hé( rén)…
人物:谁、什么(人)、哪个人、何(人)…
People: who, what (person), who, who (person)…

shì wù : shén me (dōng xī/shì qíng) , hé( wù)
事物:什么(东西/事情)、何(物)…
Things: what (thing/thing), what (thing)…

shí jiān : jǐ(diǎn zhōng) , jǐ(fēn zhōng/tiān) , jǐ gè(xiǎo shí/xīng qī/yuè) , nǎ tiān , shén me(shí hòu/shí jiān)
时间:几(点钟)、几(分钟/天)、几个(小时/星期/月)、哪天、什么(时候/时间)…
Time: What (o’clock), how many (minutes/days), how many (hours/weeks/months), what day, what (time/time)…

chù suǒ : nǎ er , nǎ li , shén me(dì fang)
处所:哪儿、哪里、什么(地方)…
Location: where, where, what (place)…

shù liàng : jǐ(+liàng cí) , duō shao
数量:几(+量词)、多少…
Quantity: how many (+quantifier), how many…

fāng shì : rú hé , zěn yàng , zěn me yàng , yòng shén me fāng fǎ
方式:如何、怎样、怎么样、用什么方法…
Method: how, how, how, what method…

chéng dù : duō(+xíng róng cí)
程度:多(+形容词)…
Degree: how much (+adjective)…

yuán yīn : wèi shén me , wèi shá , shén me( yuán yīn/lǐ yóu)
原因:为什么、为啥、什么(原因/理由)…
Reason: why, why, what (reason/reason)…

2、疑问语气词主要有4个:吗、呢、吧、啊
2. There are four main interrogative particles: ma , ne , ba , a

3、疑问副词主要有10个:难道、岂、居然、竟然、究竟、简直、难怪、反倒、何尝、何必
3. There are mainly 10 interrogative adverbs: nán dào , qǐ , jū rán , jìng rán , jiū jìng , jiǎn zhí , nán guài , fǎn dào , hé cháng , hé bì

例句 Example Sentence:
huā píng jiū jìng shì bèi shuí dǎ suì de ne?
花瓶究竟是被谁打碎的呢?
Who actually broke the vase?