【把字句】Chinese Sentence Pattern-bǎ zì jù 中文例句练习 Daily Use Mandarin Language

把字句 bǎ zì jù
主语+“把”+宾语+动词
Subject + “Ba” + Object + Verb

普通句型 Common Sentence Pattern
主语+动词+宾语
Subject + Verb + Object

wǒ men dǎ sǎo yī xià fáng jiān ba !
我们打扫一下房间吧!
wǒ men bǎ fáng jiān dǎ sǎo yī xià ba !
我们把房间打扫一下吧!
Let’s clean up the room!

tā bǎ wǒ de wán jù nòng huài le .
他把我的玩具弄坏了。
tā nòng huài le wǒ de wán jù .
他弄坏了我的玩具。
He broke my toy.

shuí bǎ dàn gāo chī guāng le ?
谁把蛋糕吃光了?
shuí chī guāng le dàn gāo ?
谁吃光了蛋糕?
Who ate up the cake?

wǒ xiān bǎ zuò yè zuò wán le .
我先把作业做完了。
wǒ xiān zuò wán le zuò yè .
我先做完了作业。
I finished my homework first.

xiǎo xīn ! bié bǎ yī fú nòng zāng le .
小心!别把衣服弄脏了。
xiǎo xīn ! bié nòng zāng le yī fú .
小心!别弄脏了衣服。
Be careful! Don’t stain your clothes.

 

“把”字句的形式和用法

 

把字句,是汉语中的一种主动式动词谓语句。这种句式又称为“处置式”,因为动词所表示的动作对宾语作出了“处置”,例如使其位置或状态改变。 基本的结构为:主语+“把”+宾语+动作。

现代汉语的一种句式。用来强调行为结果或行为方式。其结构模式可以记作:甲把乙怎么样。在汉语中,动词谓语句的宾语一般置于动词之后,而用了“把”字就能把宾语提置于动词之前。在语义上,这种句式可视为宾语前置。在结构上,则是介词结构作状语。

Ba sentence is a kind of active verb predicate sentence in Chinese. This type of sentence is also called “disposal”, because the action represented by the verb “disposes” the object, such as changing its position or state. The basic structure is: subject + “ba” + object + action.

A sentence pattern of modern Chinese. Used to emphasize the result or the way of behavior. Its structural model can be written as: What about A and B. In Chinese, the object of a verb-predicate sentence is generally placed after the verb, and the word “ba” can put the object before the verb. Semantically, this sentence pattern can be regarded as the preposition of the object. In terms of structure, the preposition structure is used as adverbial.