被字句 bèi zì jù
Object + “Bei” + Subject + Verb
普通句型 Common Sentence Pattern
Subject + Verb + Object
jīn tiān wǒ bèi lǎo shī biǎo yáng le .
Today I was praised by the teacher.
jīn tiān lǎo shī biǎo yáng le wǒ .
The teacher praised me today.
tàiyángbèiwū yúnzhē zhùle.
The sun was blocked by dark clouds.
wū yúnzhē zhùletàiyáng.
Dark clouds blocked the sun.
yī fubèiyǔlínshī le.
The clothes were got wet in the rain.
yǔlínshī leyī fu.
The rain wet the clothes.
shù yè bèi fēng chuī zǒu le .
The leaves were blown away by the wind.
fēng chuī zǒu le shù yè .
The wind blew away the leaves.
The cheese was stolen by a rat.
The rat stole the cheese.
diàn nǎo bèi bà ba dǎ kāi le .
The computer was turned on by dad.
bà ba dǎ kāi le diàn nǎo .
Dad turned on the computer.
The sheets were washed by mom.
Mom washed the sheets.
zuò yè bèi wǒ zuò wán le .
The homework was done by me.
wǒ zuò wán le zuò yè .
I finished my homework.
cāng ying bèi wǒ gǎn zǒu le .
The flies were driven away by me.
wǒ gǎn zǒu le cāng ying .
I drove away the flies.
Our conversation was heard by him.
He heard our conversation.
Beizi sentence, also known as passive, is a Chinese passive verb predicate sentence. The subject of the sentence is the object of the verb. There are two basic forms of being sentenced:
Subject + “Be” + Object + Action
Subject + “Be” + Action
If the sentence has an object (that is, the first form), the object is the actor.
It is worth noting that the use of bei in Chinese is different from the use of passive in English. In English, the reason for using the passive is to avoid mentioning the perpetrator, but in Chinese, the quilt sentence often has a negative feeling.
Bei-word sentence and Ba-word sentence are two kinds of sentences that are opposite to each other. The subject in the Ba sentence is the actor, and in the be sentence, the subject is the responder. In terms of meaning, the verb of the ba word must have the meaning of “disposal”. This is similar in the quilt sentence. However, some verbs that do not have the meaning of “disposal” and cannot enter the ba word can be used in the quilt sentence. .