Asking the Time in Chinese 如何用中文问时间|Daily Mandarin Conversation 日常汉语对话

wèn shí jiān
问时间
Asking the Time

xiàn zài jǐ diǎn ?
现在几点?
What time is it now?

jīn tiān jǐ hào ?
今天几号?
What is the date today?

míng tiān xīng qī jǐ ?
明天星期几?
What day is tomorrow?

nǐ shén me shí hòu yǒu kòng ?
你什么时候有空?
When do you have free time?

zhōu mò wǒ méi yǒu shí jiān .
周末我没有时间。
I don’t have time on weekends.

nǐ men cóng jǐ diǎn dào jǐ diǎn shàng bān ?
你们从几点到几点上班?
What’s your work shift?

wǒ míng tiān jiǔ diǎn lái zhǎo nǐ .
我明天九点来找你。
I will come to you at nine tomorrow.

qǐng nǐ jīn tiān wǎn shàng bā diǎn yǐ hòu gěi wǒ dǎ diàn huà .
请你今天晚上八点以后给我打电话。
Please call me after 8 o’clock this evening.

nǐ děng le duō jiǔ le ?
你等了多久了?
How long have you been waiting?

wǒ men jiāng zài zhè ér xué xí yí gè yuè .
我们将在这儿学习一个月。
We will study here for one month.

huǒ chē jǐ diǎn kāi ?
火车几点开?
What time dose the train leave?

fēi jī shén me shí hòu qǐ fēi ?
飞机什么时候起飞?
When does the plane take off?

míng tiān jǐ diǎn dào shàng hǎi ?
明天几点到上海?
What time will you arrive in Shanghai tomorrow?

nǐ men nǎ tiān huí guó ?
你们哪天回国?
When will you return to your country?

nǐ dǎ suàn shén me shí hòu zài lái ?
你打算什么时候再来?
When are you going to come again?

中国古代计时器的创始时间不晚于战国时代(公元前476~前222)。应用机械原理设计的计时器主要有两大类,一类利用流体力学计时,有刻漏和后来出现的沙漏;一类采用机械传动结构计时,有浑天仪、水运仪象台等。此外,还有应用天文原理(大都根据日影方向测定时间)计时的日晷,它也是中国最古老的计时器之一。

The founding time of ancient Chinese timers was no later than the Warring States Period (476-222 BC). There are two main types of timepieces designed using mechanical principles. One type uses fluid mechanics for timekeeping, with engraved leaks and later hourglasses; the other type uses mechanical transmission structure for timekeeping, such as armillary spheres and water transport instruments.

In addition, there is also a sundial that uses astronomical principles (mostly measuring the time according to the direction of the sun’s shadow). It is also one of the oldest timepieces in China.