【把字句】Chinese Sentence Pattern-bǎ zì jù 中文例句练习 Daily Use Mandarin Language

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把字句 bǎ zì jù
主语+“把”+宾语+动词
Subject + “Ba” + Object + Verb

普通句型 Common Sentence Pattern
主语+动词+宾语
Subject + Verb + Object

wǒ men dǎ sǎo yī xià fáng jiān ba !
我们打扫一下房间吧!
wǒ men bǎ fáng jiān dǎ sǎo yī xià ba !
我们把房间打扫一下吧!
Let’s clean up the room!

tā bǎ wǒ de wán jù nòng huài le .
他把我的玩具弄坏了。
tā nòng huài le wǒ de wán jù .
他弄坏了我的玩具。
He broke my toy.

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中文反问句 Chinese Rhetorical Question|用疑问句式加强肯定语气 How to strengthen the affirmative tone in Mandarin

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反问句就是用疑问句式加强肯定语气
Rhetorical question is to use question sentences to strengthen the affirmative tone.

nán dào nǐ méi yǒu tīng dào wǒ de huà ma ?
难道你没有听到我的话吗?
Didn’t you hear what I said?

nǐ yīng gāi tīng dào wǒ de huà .
你应该听到我的话。
You should hear me.

nán dào wǒ men néng làng fèi shí jiān ma ?
难道我们能浪费时间吗?
How can we waste time?

wǒ men yí dìng bù néng làng fèi shí jiān .
我们一定不能浪费时间。
We must not waste time.

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【被字句】Chinese Sentence Pattern-bèi zì jù 学说中文常用句型 Daily Mandarin for Everyone

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被字句 bèi zì jù
宾语+“被”+主语+动词
Object + “Bei” + Subject + Verb

普通句型 Common Sentence Pattern
主语+动词+宾语
Subject + Verb + Object

jīn tiān wǒ bèi lǎo shī biǎo yáng le .
今天我被老师表扬了。
Today I was praised by the teacher.

jīn tiān lǎo shī biǎo yáng le wǒ .
今天老师表扬了我。
The teacher praised me today.

tàiyángbèiwū yúnzhē zhùle.
太阳被乌云遮住了。
The sun was blocked by dark clouds.

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【中文句型】Chinese Sentence Patterns & Conjunctions 常用汉语基本句型教学 (汇总)

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句子根据内部结构可分为单句和复句。单句是短语或词充当的、有特定的语调、能独立表达一定的意思的语言单位。复句由两个或两个以上意义相关,结构上互不作句子成分的分句组成。 复句中的各个分句之间一般有停顿,书面上用逗号,分号或冒号表示;复句前后有隔离性语音停顿,书面上用句号或问号,叹号表示。

Sentences can be divided into single sentences and complex sentences according to their internal structure. A single sentence is a linguistic unit that is acted as a phrase or word, has a specific intonation, and can independently express a certain meaning. A complex sentence is composed of two or more clauses that are related in meaning and do not constitute each other in terms of structure. There is usually a pause between each clause in a compound sentence, which is indicated by a comma, semicolon or colon in writing; there are isolated phonetic pauses before and after the compound sentence, which is indicated by a period, question mark, or exclamation mark in writing.

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中文句型分类 Chinese Sentence Patterns 主谓句 vs 非主谓句 (Simple Sentences)

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句型一般指单句句型。Sentence patterns generally refer to single sentence patterns.

句型是根据句子的结构(句法成分的配置格局)对不同的单句进行分类,从而划分出的类型。Sentence pattern is the classification of different single sentences according to the structure of the sentence (the configuration pattern of the syntactic components), and thus the types are divided.

句型分为主谓句和非主谓句两大类:

  • 主谓句又分为三小类:动词谓语句,形容词谓语句,名词谓语句。(注意,网络上有些资料把“主谓谓语句”归为“句型”类,为了避免网友疑惑,特此说明,在最新版本的《现代汉语》(黄伯荣)中,主谓谓语句被移除出了“句型”类,划分到了“句式”类)
  • 非主谓句又分为五小类:动词性非主谓句,形容词性非主谓句,名词性非主谓句,叹词句,拟声词句。

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