Language Names , 语言名称 , yǔ yán míng chēng 。
English , 英语 , yīng yǔ 。
Chinese , 汉语 , hàn yǔ 。
French , 法语 , fǎ yǔ 。
Spanish , 西班牙语 , xī bān yá yǔ 。
Russian , 俄语 , é yǔ 。
German , 德语 , dé yǔ 。
Japanese , 日语 , rì yǔ 。
Number and distribution of overseas Chinese
At present, overseas Chinese mainly live in Southeast Asia, Europe, and North America. Since Southeast Asia is close to China, it has been a destination for Chinese immigrants since the late Qing Dynasty. Singapore is a relatively majority ethnic group, and Malaysia, Thailand, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Vietnam are relatively ethnic minorities. The overseas Chinese in these areas are also called Nanyang Overseas Chinese and Nanqiao, and they mainly come from Fujian and Guangdong provinces.
From the late Qing Dynasty to the Republic of China, Chinese immigrants mainly went to Southeast Asia and North America. In the 1940s, there were 11 million overseas Chinese overseas, of which 1 million were scattered on European and American continents, and 10 million were scattered in the Nanyang Islands. Among these 10 million, about 6 or 7 million were Cantonese. Assuming that Guangdong has a population of 30 million , One out of every five people is an overseas Chinese; however, the total number of overseas Chinese is about 50 million.
In the early days of the People’s Republic of China, the population could still move freely. After that, population movement stagnated. With the reform and opening up, since the 1980s, opportunities for ordinary people to immigrate have increased. With the increase in Chinese income and education, the number of skilled immigrants has also begun to increase. In addition to Europe and North America, Australia and New Zealand, where the Chinese population is sparsely populated, have also become popular immigration destinations today, with relatively close culture and economic development. There are also some immigrants in Southeast Asia. And the number of trips to far away Africa and South America (such as Brazil) is also increasing.