【中文标点】Punctuation Marks in Chinese 汉语标点符号使用方法教学 (汇总)

标点符号 [biāo diǎn fú hào] 是书面上用于标明句读和语气的符号。标点符号是辅助文字记录语言的符号,是书面语的组成部分,用来表示停顿、语气以及词语的性质和作用。标点符号包括标号和点号。

Punctuation marks are symbols used to indicate sentence reading and tone in writing. Punctuation marks are symbols that assist in writing language, and are an integral part of written language. They are used to express pauses, tone, and the nature and function of words. Punctuation marks include labels and dots.

种类

标点符号分为点号、标号两大类。点号表示口语中不同长短的停顿,标号表示书面语言里词语的性质或作用。(注:数学符号、货币符号、校勘符号、辞书符号、注音符号等特殊领域的专门符号不属于标点符号。)

点号:句号( 。)、问号( ?)、叹号( !)、逗号( ,)顿号(、)、分号(;)和冒号(:)。

标号:引号(“ ” ‘ ’)、括号〔( ) [ ] { } 〕、破折号( —— )、省略号(······)、着重号( .)、书名号(《 》〈 〉)、间隔号(·)、连接号( — )和专名号( ____ )、分隔号(/)。

标准名称
符号形式
定义
1
句号

句末点号的一种,主要表示句子的陈述语气。
2
问号

句末点号的一种,主要表示句子的疑问语气。
叹号

句末点号的一种,主要表示句子的感叹语气。
4
逗号

句内点号的一种,表示句子或语段内部的一般性停顿。
5
顿号

句内点号的一种,表示语段中并列词语之间或某些序次语之后的停顿。
6
分号

句内点号的一种,表示复句内部并列关系分句之间的停顿,以及非并列关系的多重复句中第一层分句之间的停顿。
7
冒号

句内点号的一种,表示语段中提示下文或总结上文的停顿。
8
引号
“ ” ‘ ’
标号的一种,标示语段中直接引用的内容或需要特别指出的成分。
「」『』
~
9
括号
()
标号的一种,标示语段中的注释内容、补充说明或其他特定意义的语句。
[]
中括号,比()等级高一级通常运用于数学,如3*[5-(3+5)]。
〔〕
~
【】
~
10
破折号
——
标号的一种,标示语段中某些成分的注释、补充说明或语音、意义的变化。
11
省略号
……
标号的一种,标示语段中某些内容的省略及意义的断续等。
12
着重号

标号的一种,标示语段中某些重要的或需要指明的文字。
13
连接号

标号的一种,标示某些相关联成分之间的连接。

~

通常出现于字典,用于表示多个同样的字,表示省略。
14
间隔号
·
标号的一种,标示某些相关联成分之间的分界。
15
书名号
《》〈〉
标号的一种,标示语段中出现的各种作品的名称。
16
专名号
___
标号的一种,标示古籍和某些文史类著作中出现的特定类专有名词。
17
分隔号
/
标号的一种,标示诗行、节拍及某些相关文字的分隔。

species

Punctuation marks are divided into two categories: point number and label. Dots indicate pauses of different lengths in spoken language, and marks indicate the nature or function of words in written language. (Note: Special symbols in special fields such as mathematical symbols, currency symbols, collation symbols, dictionary symbols, phonetic symbols, etc. are not punctuation marks.)

Period: period (.), question mark (?), exclamation mark (!), comma (,), comma (,), semicolon (;) and colon (:).

Labels: quotation marks (” “”), brackets [() [] {} ], dashes (—— ), ellipsis (······), accent marks (.), book title numbers (” “< >), spaces Number (·), connection number (— ), proper name number (____ ), separation number (/).

standard name
Symbolic form
definition
1
period
.
A kind of dot at the end of a sentence, which mainly represents the declarative tone of the sentence.
2
question mark
?
A kind of dot at the end of a sentence, which mainly expresses the interrogative tone of the sentence.
Exclamation mark
!
A kind of dot at the end of a sentence, which mainly expresses the exclamatory tone of the sentence.
4
comma
,
A type of dot within a sentence, which indicates a general pause within a sentence or segment.
5
Comma
,
A kind of dots in a period, which means a pause between parallel words in a segment or after some sequential words.
6
semicolon

A type of dot within a sentence, which represents the pause between the coordinating clauses in a complex sentence, and the pause between the first-level clauses in a non-coordinated multiple repetitive sentence.
7
colon
:
A type of dot in a period, which means a pause in the segment that prompts the following or summarizes the above.
8
quotation marks
“” ‘’
A type of label, which indicates the content directly quoted in the segment or the component that needs to be specifically pointed out.
「」「」
~
9
brackets
()
A type of label, which indicates the content of comments, supplementary explanations or other sentences with specific meanings in the segment.
[]
Brackets, one level higher than () are usually used in mathematics, such as 3*[5-(3+5)].
〔〕
~
【】
~
10
Dash
——
A type of label, which indicates the annotations, supplementary explanations or changes in pronunciation and meaning of certain components in the segment.
11
Ellipsis

A type of label, indicating the omission of certain content and the interruption of meaning in the segment.
12
Emphasis

A type of label, which indicates some important or need-to-specify text in the segment.
13
Connection number

A type of label that indicates the connection between certain related components.

~
~
It usually appears in dictionaries and is used to indicate multiple identical words, indicating omission.
14
Spacer
·
A type of label, indicating the boundaries between certain related components.
15
Title Number
“”<>
A type of label, which indicates the names of various works that appear in the segment.
16
Proper name
___
A type of label, which indicates a specific type of proper nouns that appear in ancient books and certain literary and historical works.
17
Separator
/
A type of label, indicating the separation of poetry lines, beats, and certain related characters.