学中文【已vs己】How to distinguish similar Chinese characters 怎样区分形似汉字|快速提升汉语水平

怎样区分形似汉字 How to distinguish similar Chinese characters

已经 [yǐ jing]
already:
It’s winter already.
已经到冬天了。
Have you had your breakfast already?
你已经吃过早饭了吗?

自己 [zì jǐ]
(代词, 复指前头的名词或代词) oneself:
be angry with oneself;
生自己的气
expose oneself;
自己揭穿自己
(亲近的; 关系密切的) of one’s own side; closely related:
one’s own brothers
自己弟兄

汉字是由点、横、坚、撇、捺、提等笔画构成的,一个字一个样子。但有些字,形体相近,差别很细微。我们称这些字为形似字。

Chinese characters are made up of strokes such as dot, horizontal, firm, pie, na, and lift, each with a single appearance. However, some characters are similar in shape and slightly different. We call these characters similar in shape.

意义

形似字就形体相近而意义不同。有的形似字笔画数目不同,加”乌”和“鸟”、“夕”和“歹”、“免”和“兔”;有的是个别笔形不同,如“戌”和”戍”、“母”和“毋”、“刀”和 “刁”;有的则是构字部件有差异,如“耍”和“要”、”蓝”和“篮”、“辩”和“辨”;有的形似字差别很小,如“巳”“已”和“己”、”失”和“矢”、“未”和”末”等,只是笔画的高低、长短有区别。

常见错误

人们在读或写时常常把一个字读错或写错,往往是由于字形相近造成的。如把“悼(dào)念”读成“掉(diào)念”,把“棘(jí)手”读成“辣(là)手”,把“舂(chōng)米”错写、错念成“春(chūn)米”等,就是由于形体相近。读或写的时候不认真,不细致,或者是对某个字不大熟悉,用的时候想当然,导致读写的错误。

成语错误

对于成语中一些字的意思如果了解不透彻,使用时也会出错,比如把形容旺盛的“如火如荼(tú,原意是茅草上的白花)”误读或误写为“如火如茶”,等等。

 

significance

Similar words are similar in form but have different meanings. Some have different shapes like “Wu” and “Bird”, “Xi” and “Evil”, “Mian” and “Rabbit”; some have different strokes, such as “戌” and “戍” and “mother”. And “Wu”, “dao” and “Diao”; some have differences in word-building components, such as “play” and “yao”, “lan” and “basket”, “bian” and “bian”; some There are very few differences in similar characters, such as “si”, “have” and “ji”, “los” and “vector”, “wei” and “mo”, etc., but there are differences in the height and length of the strokes.

Common mistakes

People often misread or write a word when reading or writing, which is often caused by similar fonts. For example, read “mourn (dào) Nian” as “drop (diào) Nian”, read “thorn (jí) hand” as “Spicy (là) hand”, and miswrite or read “舂 (chōng) rice” “Chun (chūn) rice”, etc., are due to the similarity in form. When reading or writing is not serious, not meticulous, or is not familiar with a certain word, when using it for granted, it leads to reading and writing errors.

Idiom error

If you don’t fully understand the meaning of some words in idioms, you will make mistakes when you use them. For example, misreading or miswriting the exuberant description of “tú, the white flower on the thatch”, etc. Wait.