学写字【学科】📚How to Write “School Subjects” in Chinese 语文/数学/英语等学校科目的中文写法|Chinese Online Class 中文网课

School Subjects , 学科 , xué kē 。
Chinese , 语文 , yǔ wén 。
Math , 数学 , shù xué 。
English , 英语 , yīng yǔ 。
Physics , 物理 , wù lǐ 。
Chemistry , 化学 , huà xué 。
History , 历史 , lì shǐ 。
Biology , 生物 , shēng wù 。
Geography , 地理 , dì lǐ 。
Physical Education , 体育 , tǐ yù 。

学科是在大学教学(教育)与研究的知识分科。学科是被发表研究和学术杂志、学会和系所所定义及承认的。

领域通常有子领域或分科,而其之间的分界是随便且模糊的。

在中世纪的欧洲,大学里只有四个学系:神学、医学、法学和艺术,而最后一个的地位稍微低于另外三个的地位。在中世纪至十九世纪晚期的大学世俗化过程中,传统的课程开始增辅进了非古典的语言及文学、物理、化学、生物和工程等学科,现今的学科起源便源自于此。到了二十世纪初期,教育学、社会学及心理学也开始出现在大学的课程里了。

Discipline is the division of knowledge in university teaching (education) and research. Disciplines are defined and recognized by published research and academic journals, societies and departments.

Fields usually have sub-fields or sub-disciplines, and the boundaries between them are casual and fuzzy.

In medieval Europe, there were only four departments in universities: Theology, Medicine, Law and Art, and the status of the last one was slightly lower than that of the other three. In the process of university secularization from the Middle Ages to the late nineteenth century, traditional courses began to be supplemented with non-classical language and literature, physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering, and the origin of the current disciplines originated from this. In the early twentieth century, pedagogy, sociology, and psychology also began to appear in university curricula.