【反文旁】Chinese Radical of Fanwen 手拿棍子敲击的象形,与击打有关的字|学写中文偏旁部首笔画

Radical of Fanwen, 反文旁, fǎn wén páng。
Tap with a stick, 手拿棍子敲击, shǒu ná gùn zi qiāo jī。
Related to hitting, 与击打有关, yǔ jī dǎ yǒu guān。

例词 Example Words:
Attack, 攻击, gōng jī。
Correct, 改正, gǎi zhèng。
Failure, 失败, shī bài。
Grazing, 放牧, fàng mù。
Harvest, 收割, shōu gē。

反文旁是指“攵”,共4画,象形字,楷书中从“攴”(pū)字变形,变为反写的“文”字,不可写作3画的“夂”或“夊”。

“攴”字象形,甲骨文象以手持杖或持鞭击打之形,为汉字部首之一。从“攴”、“攵”旁的汉字,本义大多与鞭打、敲打有关,如“牧”、“攻”、“败”等。在现代汉字中,“攴”大多写成“攵”,只有极个别汉字保留着“攴”的写法,如“敲”。

例如:“教”字,从“孝”,从“攴”,在以前的奴隶社会,奴隶主要靠鞭杖来施行他们的教育。
后来人们把变形后的“攴”(pū)字部首称为“反文旁”。

含有反文旁的字:

笔画0 攴
笔画2 收
笔画3 攻 改 攸 孜 攼
笔画4 败 放 牧 攽
笔画5 政 故 畋 敀 敂 敃 敄
笔画6 敖 敌 致 效 敉
笔画7 教 敢 救 赦 敏 敕 敛 敝
笔画8 散 敬 敦 敞 敜 敩 敨
笔画9 数
笔画10 敲
笔画11 敷
笔画12 整

The anti-text side refers to “攵”, a total of 4 pictures, hieroglyphic characters, in the regular script, the word “攴” (pū) is transformed into the reversed “文” character, which cannot be written as “夂” or “夊” .

The pictogram of the character “攴”, the oracle bone inscription is one of the radicals of the Chinese character in the shape of a stick or a whip. From the Chinese characters next to “攴” and “攵”, most of the original meanings are related to whipping and beating, such as “mu”, “attack”, “belief” and so on. In modern Chinese characters, “攴” is mostly written as “攵”, and only a few Chinese characters retain the wording of “攴”, such as “knock”.

For example: the word “teaching”, from “filial piety”, from “sorrow”, in the former slave society, slaves mainly relied on the whip to administer their education.
Later, people referred to the deformed radical “攴” (pū) as “anti-wenban”.