学写字【家电】Write “Home Appliances” in Chinese 如何用中文写家用电器|网上学汉语

家用电器
电视机, 空调, 冰箱, 洗衣机, 微波炉, 洗碗机

Jiā yòng diàn qì
Diàn shì jī, kōng tiáo, bīng xiāng, xǐ yī jī, wéi bō lú, xǐ wǎn jī

Home Appliances
Television, Air Conditioner, Refrigerator, Washer, Microwave Oven, Dishwasher

家用电器 [jiā yòng diàn qì](HEA-household electric appliance)主要指在家庭及类似场所中使用的各种电器和电子器具。又称民用电器、日用电器。家用电器使人们从繁重、琐碎、费时的家务劳动中解放出来,为人类创造了更为舒适优美、更有利于身心健康的生活和工作环境,提供了丰富多彩的文化娱乐条件,已成为现代家庭生活的必需品。

家用电器问世已有近百年历史,美国被认为是家用电器的发祥地。家用电器的范围,各国不尽相同,世界上尚未形成统一的家用电器分类法 ,有的国家将照明器具列为家用电器的一类,将声像电器列入文娱器具,而文娱器具还包括电动电子玩具。

分类

家用电器的分类方法在世界上尚未统一。但按产品的功能、用途分类较常见,大致分为8类。
①制冷电器。包括家用冰箱、冷饮机等。
②空调器。包括房间空调器、电扇、换气扇、冷热风器、空气去湿器、冷风机、加湿器等。
③清洁电器。包括洗衣机、干衣机、电熨斗、吸尘器、地板打蜡机、扫地机器人等。
④厨房电器。包括电灶,微波炉、电磁灶、电烤箱、电饭锅、洗碟机、电热水器、食物加工机等。
⑤电暖器具。包括电热毯、电热被、水热毯、电热服、空间加热器。
⑥整容保健电器。包括电动剃须刀、电吹风、整发器、超声波洗面器、电动按摩器。
⑦声像电器。包括微型投影仪、电视机、收音机、录音机、录像机、摄像机、组合音响等。
⑧其他电器,如烟火报警器、电铃等。

随着生活的提高 ,净水器也成为家用电器中的一员,越来越多的家庭使用这种新型的电器产品:随着世界上大多数的水体污染严重,加剧了水资源紧缺的矛盾。传统的自来水处理方法,已不能保证提供品质优良的饮用水,而且在市政供水中还存在着二次污染的问题,如高层的水箱供水,漫长的自来水输送管线,都会造成潜在的铁锈,泥沙以及微生物等污染问题。因此,各类净水器应运而生。

家用电器,简称家电,是指以电能来进行驱动(或以机械化动作)的用具,可帮助执行家庭杂务,如炊食、食物保存或清洁,除了家庭环境外,也可用于公司行号或是工业的环境里。基本上,家用电器分为大型家电(白色家电、黑色家电)和小家电。

Household appliances [jiā yòng diàn qì] (HEA-household electric appliance) mainly refers to various electrical and electronic appliances used in homes and similar places. Also known as civil electrical appliances and daily electrical appliances. Household appliances free people from arduous, trivial, and time-consuming housework, create a more comfortable and beautiful life and working environment that is more conducive to physical and mental health, and provide a variety of cultural and entertainment conditions. It has become a modern family Necessities of life.

Home appliances have been around for nearly a hundred years, and the United States is considered the birthplace of home appliances. The scope of household appliances varies from country to country. There is no uniform classification of household appliances in the world. Some countries classify lighting appliances as a category of household appliances, and include audio-visual appliances as entertainment appliances, and entertainment appliances also include electric appliances. electronic toy.

Classification

The classification method of household appliances has not been unified in the world. However, the classification according to the function and purpose of the product is more common, and it is roughly divided into 8 categories.
①Refrigeration appliances. Including household refrigerators, cold drink machines, etc.
②Air conditioner. Including room air conditioners, electric fans, ventilating fans, air heaters, air dehumidifiers, air coolers, humidifiers, etc.
③Clean the electrical appliances. Including washing machines, clothes dryers, electric irons, vacuum cleaners, floor waxing machines, sweeping robots, etc.
④Kitchen appliances. Including electric stoves, microwave ovens, electromagnetic stoves, electric ovens, rice cookers, dishwashers, electric water heaters, food processors, etc.
⑤Electric heating appliances. Including electric blankets, electric quilts, water heating blankets, electric heating suits, and space heaters.
⑥ Plastic surgery and health care appliances. Including electric shavers, hair dryers, hairdressers, ultrasonic facial cleansers, and electric massagers.
⑦ Audio and video appliances. Including micro projectors, televisions, radios, tape recorders, video recorders, cameras, sound systems, etc.
⑧ Other electrical appliances, such as pyrotechnic alarms, electric bells, etc.

With the improvement of life, water purifiers have also become a member of household appliances. More and more families use this new type of electrical products: as most of the world’s water bodies are seriously polluted, the contradiction of water scarcity has been exacerbated. . Traditional tap water treatment methods can no longer guarantee the provision of high-quality drinking water, and there are still secondary pollution problems in municipal water supply. For example, high-rise water tanks and long tap water pipelines will cause potential rust and sediment. And pollution problems such as microorganisms. Therefore, various types of water purifiers came into being.

Household appliances, referred to as home appliances, refer to appliances driven by electric energy (or mechanized actions), which can help perform household chores, such as cooking, food preservation or cleaning. In addition to the family environment, they can also be used for company line or In an industrial environment. Basically, household appliances are divided into large household appliances (white household appliances, black household appliances) and small household appliances.