《守株待兔》🐇Wait For Windfalls 阅读中文成语故事书 Chinese Story Book Read Aloud|故事大王

守株待兔,汉语成语,拼音是shǒu zhū dài tù,比喻死守经验,不知变通。出自《韩非子·五蠹》。

Stand alone and wait for the rabbit, the Chinese idiom is shǒu zhū dài tù in pinyin, which is a metaphor for sticking to the experience without knowing how to adapt. From “Han Feizi·Five Beetles”.

成语出处

《韩非子·五蠹》记载:战国时宋国有一个农民,看见一只兔子撞在树根上死了,便放下锄头在树根旁等待,希望再得到撞死的兔子。

成语用法

连动式;作宾语、定语;含贬义

示例:吾料兄必定出身报国,岂是~之辈。 ◎明·许仲琳《封神演义》第九十四

成语辨析

近义词: 刻舟求剑、墨守成规
反义词: 通达权变

成语解释

株:露出地面的树根。原比喻希图不经过努力而得到成功的侥幸心理。现也比喻死守狭隘经验,不知变通。

成语故事

韩非子《守株待兔》:宋人有耕田者。田中有株,兔走触株,折颈而死。因释其耒而守株,冀复得兔。兔不可复得,而身为宋国笑。
意思是从前宋国有个农民,他的田地中有一截树桩。一天,一只跑得飞快的野兔撞在了树桩上,扭断了脖子死了。于是,农民便放下他的农具日日夜夜守在树桩子旁边,希望能再得到一只兔子。然而野兔是不可能再次得到的,而他自己也被后人所耻笑。

Source of idioms

“Han Feizi · Five Beetles” records: During the Warring States Period, a farmer in Song State saw a rabbit hit and died on the root of a tree. He put down his hoe and waited by the root of the tree, hoping to get another rabbit that was killed.

Idiom usage

Linked action type; used as object or attributive; with derogatory meaning

Example: My brother must be born to serve the country, so he is a generation of ~. ◎Ming Xu Zhonglin, “The Romance of the Gods” 94

Analysis of idioms

Synonyms: carve the boat and seek the sword, stick to the rules
Antonyms: mastery contingency

Idiom explanation

Strain: Tree roots out of the ground. The original metaphor hopes to get a fluke of success without hard work. Now it is also a metaphor of sticking to a narrow experience without knowing how to work it out.

Idiom story

Han Feizi’s “Study and Waiting for Rabbits”: Song people have plowers. There is a plant in the field, and the rabbit walks and touches the plant, breaking its neck to death. Because of the release of Qi Lei, he kept the tree, hoping to regain the rabbit. The rabbit cannot be recovered, and as Song Guoxiao.
It means that there was a farmer in Song Dynasty who had a stump in his field. One day, a fast-running hare hit a tree stump, twisted its neck and died. So the farmer put down his farm tools and stayed next to the stump day and night, hoping to get another rabbit. However, it is impossible for Hare to get it again, and he himself was ridiculed by posterity.