《滥竽充数》🎷Make Up A Number Without Active Work 中文成语故事 Chinese Story Book|汉语课程

滥竽充数,汉语成语,拼音是 làn yú chōng shù,比喻没有本领的人冒充有本领,占着位置,或拿次的东西混在好的里面充数。有时也用作自谦的话。

Indiscriminately, a Chinese idiom, pinyin is làn yú chōng shù, which is a metaphor for a person who has no ability to pretend to be capable, occupy a position, or mix inferior things in a good one. Sometimes it is also used as a self-humble word.

寓言故事

战国时期,齐国的国君齐宣王喜欢音乐,尤其喜欢听吹竽,手下有300个善于吹竽的乐师。齐宣王喜欢热闹,爱摆排场,总想在人前显示做国君的威严,所以每次听吹竽的时候,总是叫这300个人在一起合奏给他听。

有个名叫南郭的处士听说了齐宣王喜欢听合奏,觉得有机可乘,是个赚钱的好机会,就跑到齐宣王那里去,吹嘘自己说:“大王啊,听过我吹竽的人没有不被感动的,就是鸟兽听了也会翩翩起舞,花草听了也会合着节拍摆动,我愿把我的绝技献给大王。”齐宣王听得高兴,很爽快地收下了他,把他也编进那支300人的吹竽队中。

从这以后,南郭处士就随那300人一块儿合奏给齐宣王听,和大家一样享受着优厚的待遇,心里极为得意。
其实南郭处士他压根儿就不会吹竽。每逢演奏的时候,南郭处士就捧着竽混在队伍中,人家摇晃身体,他也摇晃身体,人家摆头,他也摆头,脸上装出一副动情忘我的样子,看上去比别人吹奏得更投入。南郭处士就这样靠着蒙骗混过了一天又一天,不劳而获地白拿着丰厚的薪水。

但是好景不长,过了几年,爱听竽合奏的齐宣王死了,他的儿子齐湣(mǐn)王继承了王位。齐湣王也爱听吹竽,但他喜欢听独奏。于是齐湣王发布了一道命令,要这300个人轮流来吹竽给他欣赏。南郭处士急得像热锅上的蚂蚁,惶惶不可终日。他想来想去,觉得这次再也混不过去了,只好连夜收拾行李逃走了。

像南郭处士这样不学无术、靠蒙骗混饭吃的人,骗得了一时,骗不了一世。假的就是假的,最终会因逃不过时间的检验而被揭穿伪装。我们想要成功,最好的办法就是勤奋学习,只有练就一身真本领,才能抵挡住一切困难、挫折和考验。

Fable

During the Warring States Period, King Qi Xuan, the monarch of the Qi Kingdom, liked music, and especially liked listening to the wind blowing. He had 300 musicians who were good at wind blowing. King Qi Xuan likes to be lively and ostentatious. He always wants to show the majesty of being a monarch in front of others. Therefore, every time he listens to the song, he always asks these 300 people to play together.

A virgin named Nan Guo heard that King Qi Xuan liked to listen to ensembles, and felt that he had the opportunity to make money, so he ran to King Qi Xuan and boasted that he said: “My lord, I have heard of the person who trumpets me. Nothing is not unmoved. Even the birds and beasts will dance when they hear it, and the flowers and plants will also sway to the beat. I would like to dedicate my stunts to the king.” King Qi Xuan was pleased to hear him, and accepted him happily. Put him in the 300-man team.

From then on, Chief Nanguo played with the 300 people for King Qi Xuan, enjoying the generous treatment like everyone else, and he was extremely proud.
In fact, Chief Nan Guo didn’t know how to play 竽 at all. Whenever he played, Director Nanguo would mix in the team with the scorpion in his hands. People shook his body, he also shook his body, and he shook his head. He also shook his head. His face appeared to be emotional and selfless, and he looked better than others. More engaged. Chief Nan Guo just spent day after day deceived, earning a generous salary for nothing.

But the good times did not last long. After a few years, King Qi Xuan, who loved to listen to the ensemble, died, and his son, King Qi Yuan (mǐn), inherited the throne. King Qi Yuan also likes to listen to the wind, but he likes to listen to solo. So the king of Qi Dao issued an order, asking these 300 people to take turns to blow the scorpion for him to admire. Chief Nan Guo was as anxious as an ant on a hot pot, and he was panicked all day long. After thinking about it, he felt that he couldn’t get along again this time, so he had to pack up and escape overnight.

People like Chief Nan Guo who are not educated and skillful, who rely on deceitful food to eat, can be fooled for a while, but can’t be fooled. The fake is fake, and it will eventually be exposed because it cannot escape the test of time. If we want to succeed, the best way is to study diligently. Only by practicing a true skill can we withstand all difficulties, setbacks and trials.