Clothing , 服装 , fú zhuāng 。服装，是衣服鞋装饰品等的总称，多指衣服。服装的定义为：缝制，穿于人体起保护和装饰作用的产品，又称衣服。
Clothing is a general term for clothes, shoes, accessories, etc., and mostly refers to clothes. Clothing is defined as: products that are sewn and worn on the human body for protection and decoration, also known as clothing.
Skirt , 裙子 , qún zi 。
Pants , 裤子 , kù zi 。
Shirt , 衬衫 , chèn shān 。
Suit , 西装 , xī zhuāng 。
Sportswear , 运动服 , yùn dòng fú 。
Shorts , 短裤 , duǎn kù 。
Sweater , 毛衣 , máo yī 。
Down jacket , 羽绒服 , yǔ róng fú 。
Clothing has appeared in the early stages of the development of human society. At that time, the ancients made some crude “clothes” and wore them on their bodies. The first clothes of mankind were mostly animal skins, and the earliest “fabric” wrapped around the body was made of fibers such as hemp and grass. For society, clothing has become a daily necessity for covering and decoration. It is not only just for wearing, but also an identity, an attitude to life, and a manifestation of personal charm.
The History of Chinese Clothing
Chinese clothing has a long history, dating back to ancient times. A spicule about 18,000 years ago was unearthed in the Ape-Man Cave in Zhoukoudian, Beijing. Tubular spicules and other objects were also unearthed from the Neolithic site in Hemudu, Yuyao, Zhejiang. It can be inferred that these bone needles were used to sew original clothes at that time. The clothes that Chinese ancestors first wore were aprons made of leaves or animal skins. Later, the costumes of each dynasty had its own characteristics, which were closely related to the level of agriculture, animal husbandry and textile production at that time. During the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, men and women wore a “deep clothes” style in which a general-purpose top and bottom clothes were connected. Hemp, ramie and kudzu fabrics are the bulk of the clothing materials used by the working people. Rulers and nobles used silk fabrics extensively. Some areas also use wool, feather and kapok fiber textile fabrics. In the Han Dynasty, the spinning, weaving, and printing and dyeing techniques of silk and hemp fibers were very developed. The dyed fabrics included yarn, silk, silk, brocade, cloth, silk, etc., and the materials used for clothing were greatly abundant. The unearthed Western Han Dynasty Su yarn Zen clothing weighs only 49 grams, which shows that mulberry silk can be used to make light and transparent long clothing at that time. In the Sui and Tang Dynasties, the rulers also made strict grade regulations on clothing, making clothing a symbol of power. Naomi uses hemp cloth extensively for daily clothing, and silk for skirts. With the increase in the exchanges between China and foreign countries, the clothing styles also have an influence on each other. For example, Tuanhua’s clothing is influenced by Persia; monks wear Indian-style clothing “cassocks.” Today’s kimono still retains the clothing style of the Tang Dynasty in China. From the Tang to Ming dynasties, the clothing styles were mostly wide-clothes and large-sleeves, and the coats were mostly long robes. In modern times, due to the development of the textile industry, the variety and quantity of fabrics available for making garments have increased, which has promoted garment production. After the Revolution of 1911, especially after the May Fourth Movement, Zhongshan clothing and student clothing that absorbed the characteristics of Western clothing began to appear. After 1950, Zhongshan clothing has almost become a popular clothing nationwide, and gowns have almost disappeared. With the emergence of a large number of high-quality fabrics, clothing styles have also developed. Modern clothing design has become a branch of arts and crafts, and clothing production has achieved industrialized mass production.
“According to the three generations, the clothes can be seen in the system, although they are not the same, but in addition to the Mianfu, only the Xuanduan (Duanyi) deep clothing, which is the most widely used. Xuanduan is from the emperor to the scholar , All can be served, and the deep clothing can be served from the emperor to the common people… As for the deep clothing, sewing and gussets are tailored, and the rules of etiquette are used. Therefore, the cheap can be served, the expensive can be served, and the court can serve. Yan private can also be served. The emperor serves it for the elderly, the princes serve it as a sacrifice meal, the Qing doctor serves it as the evening for selfishness, and the common people serve it as a guest sacrifice, and there is no level of hierarchy. The clothes are not cut, no. Evil killing, not round, not covering, not extravagant. Its length is eight feet and eight inches, and each width is two feet and two inches, and the four corners are square, so it is called the end. His clothes, the first three, the last four , There must be countless collections, so called only clothes. The ancients had “Chao Xuan Duan, Xi Shen Yi”.