学中文【吉祥物】Chinese Mascots (Lucky Things) – 福blessing, 发财get rich, 红包red envelopes, 龙dragon

中国传统吉祥物是在数千年的历史中逐渐形成的,早在《周易》和《尚书》里,就有吉祥、王福的表述,上古先民也曾把星辰、草木、鸟兽当作神物后世的人们给许多自然物和人造物赋予了吉祥寓义,我国的吉祥物也就越来越多,蔚成大观。

Traditional Chinese mascots have gradually formed in thousands of years of history. As early as in the “Book of Changes” and “Shang Shu”, there are expressions of auspiciousness and Wang Fu. Ancient ancestors also regarded stars, vegetation, birds and animals as The people of the later generations of the gods gave many natural and man-made objects auspicious meaning, and there are more and more mascots in our country.

jí xiáng wù, 吉祥物, Chinese Mascots:

  • hóng sè , 红色 , red 。
  • fú , 福 , blessing 。
  • fā cái , 发财 , get rich 。
  • lóng fèng , 龙凤 , dragon and phoenix 。
  • hóng bāo , 红包 , red envelope 。
  • biān pào , 鞭炮 , firecracker 。

 

龙为中国吉祥神兽之首,自古为中华民族的图腾,有帝座的寓意。传说龙生九品,分别为:长子囚牛好音乐;次子睚眦好杀;三子嘲风好险;四子霸下好负重;五子狴犴好讼;六子蚩吻好吞;七子饕餮好食;八子金猊好烟火;九子蒲牢好鸣。九龙即为九州,寓意皇权和天下,因此九龙象征尊贵之极。在清代皇帝龙袍一般绣九龙,但从正面或背面看都是五条龙,合“九五之尊”的帝王称号,所以五龙也吉,五龙更有“舞龙”之意。

凤凰

凤凰是中国古代传说中的百鸟之王,也是中国古代最著名的吉祥鸟,是雌雄统称,雄为凤,雌为凰,其总称为凤凰,常用来像征祥瑞。古代用来象征皇后。十二生肖里鸡的原型就是凤凰。

几千年来,凤凰在我国人民的心目中,一直被视为美丽、吉祥、善良、宁静、有德、自然,顺天道、尚人文、致太平、向光明的象征。多比喻夫妻相亲相爱或祝人婚姻美满。

麒麟

麒麟雄性称麒,雌性称麟,麒麟是吉祥神兽,外形奇特,生有龙头、鹿角、马蹄、牛尾、狼额,身上披五彩鳞甲。人们视麒麟为吉祥物,主太平、长寿。麒麟是祥瑞的象征,只在太平盛世出现,在传统文化中古来就有“盛世出麒麟”的说法。传说中凡麒麟踩过的地方,都会给那里的人们带来好运,消灾解难,驱除邪魔,故有“麒麟吉祥”。民间有麒麟送子之说,常用来比喻杰出的人。

龟背的纹理宗密,中国人一直相信,龟隐藏着天地的秘密,因此它也成为一种神秘而蕴藏着丰富的文化内涵的动物。同时,更是因为龟寿命极长,所以成了长寿的象征,人们多用“龟龄”喻人之长寿或与“鹤龄”结合称“龟龄鹤寿”和“龟鹤齐龄”。

自古以来人们相信其能带来祥瑞之气,龟已成为先行先知的灵物,摆放玉龟可以化阴补阳,调节室内阴阳平衡和天然磁场,能补运气旺财位。

龟也与麒麟、龙、凤并称为”四灵”,是中国人的四大吉祥物。

貔貅

貔貅,是中国古代神话传说中的一种神兽,说它有嘴无肛门,能吞万物而从不泄,而它的主食竟然是金银珠宝,故有纳食四方之财的寓意。貔貅被视为招财进宝的祥兽。中国古代风水学者认为貔貅是转祸为祥的吉瑞之兽。从古至今,上至帝王、下至百姓都极度注重收藏和佩戴貔貅,貔貅除了招财、开运、辟邪的功效之外,还有镇宅、化太岁、促姻缘等作用。中国传统有装饰“貔貅”的习俗,貔貅寓意丰富,人们相信它能带来欢乐及好运,

鹤在中国文化中有崇高的地位,是长寿、吉祥和高雅的象征,常与神仙联系起来,与松树一起寓意延年益寿。

在中国历史上鹤还有一品鸟之称,被公认为一等的文禽,作为高官的象征。明朝和清朝给丹顶鹤赋予了忠贞清正、品德高尚的文化内涵。文官的补服,一品文官绣丹顶鹤,把它列为仅次于皇家专用的龙凤的重要标识,因而人们也称鹤为“一品鸟”。

大象

象与”祥”谐音,是吉祥的象征。而大象的长鼻子吸水的行为,也被人们将之与吸财联系起来。

大象,在东方文明古国中享有崇高的地位。中国人把大象视为吉祥、太平的象征,寓意吉祥或喜象。

传说五帝之一的舜是中国历史上驯服野象耕田犁地的第一人,他死后陵墓前曾出现大象刨土、彩雀衔泥的瑞兆,这应该是“太平有象”的最早传说。此后,人们运用谐音、象征等手法,把“太平有象”用图画、雕刻等形式表达出来,寓意天下太平、五谷丰登。

蟾与钱谐音,所以常见蟾口中衔铜钱,寓意富贵有钱。据传说,蟾蜍本来是妖兽,修道人刘海周游四海,以降魔伏妖出名,经常造福百姓,作为妖兽的蟾蜍刘海自然不会放过,双方激斗过程中蟾蜍一只脚被断,只剩下三只脚,此后蟾蜍便臣服于刘海。蟾蜍有吐金银财宝的绝活,臣服于刘海之后蟾蜍一直用绝活帮助刘海造福世人,二者相当出名,从此三脚蟾蜍便被人们当做招财进宝的吉祥宝贝。

蝙蝠

“蝠”与”福”谐音,寓意福到,所以蝙蝠的造型常常出现在各种器物上,被当做福气的象征。五个福寓意五福临门。和铜钱在一起寓意福在眼前。与日出或海浪一起寓意福如东海。

“鱼”与”余”同音,隐喻富裕、有余。

在传统习俗将其视为吉祥物,来比喻富余、吉庆、幸运。表达了古代人们追求年年幸福富裕生活的良好愿望。金鱼寓意金玉满堂。鲤鱼跃龙门寓意平步青云、飞黄腾达。

Long

Dragon is the head of China’s auspicious beasts. It has been a totem of the Chinese nation since ancient times and has the meaning of the throne. Legend has it that the nine generations of dragons are good for music; the eldest son is good for music; the second son is easy to kill; the third son is so dangerous; the fourth son is so heavy; the fifth son is good for lawsuits; the sixth son is good for kisses; the seventh son is good for gluttony. Eat; eight sons are golden and good for fireworks; nine sons are good for singing. Kowloon is Kyushu, implying imperial power and the world, so Kowloon symbolizes the ultimate noble. In the Qing Dynasty, the emperor’s dragon robe generally embroidered Kowloon, but from the front or back, there are five dragons, which are the emperor title of “Nine-Five Sovereign”, so the five dragons are also lucky, and the five dragons have the meaning of “dancing dragon”.

Phoenix

The phoenix is ​​the king of birds in ancient Chinese legends and the most famous auspicious bird in ancient China. It is a collective term for males and females. The male is a phoenix and the female is a phoenix. It is collectively called the phoenix and is often used to symbolize auspiciousness. Used to symbolize the queen in ancient times. The prototype of the chicken in the Chinese zodiac is the Phoenix.

For thousands of years, the phoenix has been regarded as a symbol of beauty, auspiciousness, kindness, tranquility, virtuousness, nature, obedience to nature, humanity, peace, and light in the hearts of our people for thousands of years. It is a metaphor for couples who love each other or wish a happy marriage.

Kirin

A unicorn is called a unicorn for males and a lin for females. The unicorn is an auspicious beast with a peculiar appearance. It has dragon heads, antlers, horseshoes, oxtails, wolf foreheads, and is covered with colorful scales. People regard the unicorn as a mascot, which is responsible for peace and longevity. The unicorn is a symbol of auspiciousness. It only appears in the peaceful and heyday. In traditional culture, there has been a saying that “the unicorn comes out of the heyday” in ancient times. According to legend, wherever the unicorn steps on, it will bring good luck to the people there, eliminate disasters and solve problems, and exorcise evil spirits, so there is “auspicious unicorn”. There is a folk saying that unicorns give off their children, which is often used as a metaphor for outstanding people.

turtle

The texture of the turtle’s back is Zongmi. The Chinese have always believed that the tortoise hides the secrets of the world, so it has become a mysterious animal with rich cultural connotations. At the same time, because tortoises have extremely long lifespan, they have become a symbol of longevity. People often use “tortoise age” to refer to people’s longevity or combine it with “crane age” to call “tortoise age and crane life” and “tortoise age and crane age”.

Since ancient times, people believe that it can bring auspicious energy. Turtles have become the spiritual objects of the forerunner prophets. Placing jade tortoises can replenish yin and yang, regulate the balance of yin and yang in the room and the natural magnetic field, and can replenish luck and prosperity.

Tortoise is also called the “Four Spirits” together with the unicorn, dragon and phoenix, and is the four major mascots of the Chinese.

brave troops

貔貅 is a kind of beast in ancient Chinese myths and legends. It is said that it has a mouth and no anus, and can swallow all things without letting it out. Its staple food is actually gold and silver jewelry, so it has the meaning of consuming wealth from all directions. Pai Xiu is regarded as a lucky beast that attracts wealth and treasures. Ancient Chinese feng shui scholars believed that Pixiu was the beast of Jirui that turned disaster into auspiciousness. From ancient times to the present, the emperors and the people have paid great attention to the collection and wearing of brave. In addition to the functions of recruiting wealth, good luck, and warding off evil spirits, Paixiu also has the functions of town house, turning Tai Sui, and promoting marriage. In Chinese tradition, there is a custom of decorating “Pixiu”. Pixiu is rich in meaning. People believe that it can bring joy and good luck.

crane

Crane has a lofty status in Chinese culture. It is a symbol of longevity, auspiciousness and elegance. It is often associated with gods and pine trees, which symbolizes longevity.

In Chinese history, the crane is also known as the first-class bird. It is recognized as a first-class literary bird as a symbol of high-ranking officials. The Ming and Qing dynasties gave red-crowned cranes the cultural connotation of loyalty, integrity and high moral character. The service of civil officials, the red-crowned crane embroidered by the first-class civil servants, listed it as an important symbol second only to the royal dragon and phoenix, so people also called the crane “the first-class bird.”

Elephant

Xiang is homonymous with “xiang”, which is a symbol of auspiciousness. The behavior of an elephant’s long nose to soak up water is also linked to the absorption of money by people.

The elephant enjoys a lofty status in the ancient civilization of the East. The Chinese regard elephants as a symbol of auspiciousness and peace, which means auspiciousness or joy.

It is said that Shun, one of the Five Emperors, was the first person in Chinese history to tame wild elephants to plow and plow. After his death, there were signs of elephants plowing soil and colored birds holding mud in front of the tomb. The earliest legend. Since then, people have used homophonic, symbolic and other techniques to express the “peace and image” in the form of pictures and sculptures, which means peace in the world and abundance of grains.

toad

Toad is homonymous with money, so it is common to carry copper coins in the mouth of Toad, which means wealth and wealth. According to legend, the toad was originally a monster. The monk’s bangs traveled all over the world. They were famous for subduing demons and subduing demons. They often benefited the common people. Naturally, toad’s bangs as a monster beast would not be let go. During the fighting between the two sides, the toad had one foot broken. With three legs left, Toad surrendered to the bangs. Toad has the unique skill of spitting out gold and silver treasures. After surrendering to the bangs, Toad has been using unique skills to help the bangs to benefit the world. Both are quite famous. From then on, the three-legged toad has been regarded as an auspicious treasure for attracting wealth.

bat

“Bat” and “Fu” are homophonic, meaning blessing, so the shape of bats often appears on various utensils and is regarded as a symbol of blessing. Five blessings means five blessings. Together with copper coins means blessings are in sight. Together with the sunrise or the waves, it means blessing such as the East China Sea.

fish

“Fish” is the same as “Yu”, which is a metaphor for being rich and rich.

is regarded as a mascot in traditional customs to compare surplus, auspiciousness, and luck. It expresses the good desire of ancient people to pursue a happy and prosperous life every year. Goldfish means a full house of gold and jade. The carp leaping over the dragon gate means steadily stepping into the sky, flying yellow and rising.