学中文【程度副词】Adverb of Degree in Chinese – 汉语形容词的“最高级/比较级/原形”

zhōng wén chéng dù fù cí , 中文程度副词 , Adverb of Degree in Chinese
zuì hǎo , 最好 , best , 十分好, 非常好, 特别好, 格外好
jiào hǎo , 较好 , better , 比较好, 很好, 相当好
hǎo , 好 , good , 挺好, 不错
yī bān , 一般 , general , 一般般

bù tài hǎo , 不太好 , not too good
bù hǎo , 不好 , not good , 差
jiào bù hǎo , 较不好 , worse , 较差
zuì bù hǎo , 最不好 , worst , 最差

程度副词,是对一个形容词或者副词在程度上加以限定或修饰的副词。 一般位置在被修饰的形容词或者副词之前。(用汉语举例:很,非常,相当, 一点, 明显地……等等。至于语气和感觉是由它们后面的词决定的, 程度副词只是说明它的程度)

任何一种语言当中都有很多副词,汉语中有“很,非常,特别,挺,太,相当”等等,那这些副词到底怎么用呢?

首先,“很”和“非常”一般可以通用,不同的是,“非常”要比“很”的程度高一些,而且非常的后边可以加入“地”、“之”如“非常地高”、“非常之漂亮”等,“很”则没有这样的用法。

其次,“相当”表示的程度和“很”差不多,一般用在形容词前边,个人觉得相当这个词有一点方言色彩,而且甚至有点夸张的感觉,所以经常用在小品等文学表演中,如《昨天今天明天》!

再次,“挺”和“怪”表示的程度稍微要轻一点儿,意思基本相同,不过,用“怪”的时候,后边要加“的”,如“怪可爱的”“怪有意思的”,“挺”则加不加“的”都可以,“怪”的感情色彩要比“挺”浓,而且往往含有亲切喜爱的感觉,多用来修饰正面的好的形容词,“挺”则没有这个限制,有时候“怪”也可以修饰反面的,不好的词,这时感情色彩特别浓重,如“出国办手续真是怪麻烦的”。

最后,“太”表示的程度比较高,而且有赞叹的语气在里边,句尾一定要带“了”,如“太漂亮了”“他贵了”这时都带有强烈的感情色彩……

Adverbs of degree are adverbs that limit or modify the degree of an adjective or adverb. The general position is before the modified adjective or adverb. (For example in Chinese: very, very, quite, a little, obviously… etc. As for the tone and feeling are determined by the words behind them, the adverbs of degree only indicate its degree)

There are many adverbs in any language. In Chinese, there are “very, very, special, quite, too, quite” and so on. So how do you use these adverbs?

First of all, “very” and “very” can generally be used in common. The difference is that “very” is higher than “very”, and “ground” and “zhi” such as “very high” and “very high” can be added after very. “Very beautiful” and so on, “very” has no such usage.

Secondly, “equivalence” expresses the same degree as “very”. It is generally used in front of adjectives. I personally feel that the term “equivalence” is a little bit dialect and even a bit exaggerated, so it is often used in literary performances such as sketches, such as “Yesterday today Tomorrow”!

Once again, the expressions of “very” and “weird” are slightly lighter, and the meaning is basically the same. However, when using “weird”, you should add “a” after it, such as “weird and cute” and “weird and interesting”. “Ting” can be added or not. “Weird” is more emotional than “Ting”, and it often contains a feeling of affection and affection. It is mostly used to modify positive adjectives. “Ting” does not have this restriction. Sometimes, “weird” can also modify negative, bad words. At this time, the emotional color is particularly strong, such as “it is really troublesome to go abroad to go through the formalities.”

Finally, “too” means a high degree, and there is a tone of admiration in it, the end of the sentence must be accompanied by “a”, such as “too beautiful” and “he is expensive” at this time, they all have a strong emotional color…