The Mid-Autumn Festival is an important traditional festival in the Chinese character cultural circle. It is the fifteenth day of the eighth month of the lunar calendar every year, from September to the beginning of October in the Gregorian calendar. According to the lunar calendar, August is the second month of autumn. It was called Mid-Autumn Festival in ancient China. Therefore, it is called Mid-Autumn Festival by the people and is one of the four traditional festivals of the Han people.
The Mid-Autumn Festival began in the early years of the Tang Dynasty, prevailed in the Song Dynasty, and reached its peak in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. It has become one of the traditional Chinese festivals as famous as the Spring Festival. Influenced by Chinese culture, the Mid-Autumn Festival is also a traditional festival for some countries in East and Southeast Asia, especially local Chinese and overseas Chinese.
The Mid-Autumn Festival is a trace of the ancient celestial phenomenon worship-the custom of respecting the moon. In the “autumn equinox” season of the twenty-four solar terms, it is the ancient “Moon Festival”, while the Mid-Autumn Festival comes from the traditional “Moon Festival”. In traditional culture, the moon is the same as the sun, and these two alternating celestial bodies have become objects of worship by the ancestors. The Mid-Autumn Festival is derived from the ancient people’s sacrifice to the moon, and it is the legacy and derivation of the custom of the Chinese nation to worship the moon. Sacrificing the moon is a very ancient custom in China. It is actually a worship activity for the “moon god” by ancient people in some parts of China in ancient times. According to textual research, the original “Jiyue Festival” was set on the 24th solar term “autumn equinox” in the Ganzhi calendar. However, due to historical development, the calendar was later merged and the lunar calendar (Xia calendar) was used, so the “Jiyue Festival” was replaced by the Ganzhi calendar. The fourteenth solar term “autumn equinox” is adjusted to the fifteenth day of August in the Xia calendar (lunar calendar). The Mid-Autumn Festival is a synthesis of autumn seasonal customs, and most of the festival factors contained in it have ancient origins.