中文语序 Chinese Word Order 主语-动词-宾语 subject-verb-object|学汉语 Learn Chinese

直观的主语-动词-宾语词顺序

在最基本的层面上,汉语的句子结构与英语惊人地相似。和英语一样,许多基本的汉语句子都使用主语-动词或主语-动词-宾语结构。比如说

Straightforward subject-verb-object word order

At the most basic level, Chinese sentence structure is surprisingly similar to English. As in English, many basic Chinese sentences use a subject-verb or subject-verb-object structure. For example:

主语-动词顺序。

在下面的例子中,主语是我(wǒ,”我”),动词是吃(chī,”吃”)。

我吃。 Wǒ chī. I eat.

在下面的例子中,主语是她(tā,”她”),动词是去(qù,”去”)。

她去。 Tā qù。 She goes.

主语-动词-宾语顺序。

我去超市。 Wǒ qù chāoshì. I go to the supermarket.
她吃面包。 Tā chī miànbāo. She eats bread.
你喜欢猫。 Nǐ xǐhuān māo. You like cats.

– English Version –

Subject-verb order:

In the following example, the subject is 我 (wǒ, “I”) and the verb is 吃 (chī, “eat”).

我吃。 Wǒ chī. I eat.

In the following example, the subject is 她 (tā, “she”) and the verb is 去 (qù, “go”).

她去。 Tā qù. She goes.

Subject-verb-object order:

我去超市。 Wǒ qù chāoshì. I go to the supermarket.
她吃面包。 Tā chī miànbāo. She eats bread.
你喜欢猫。 Nǐ xǐhuān māo. You like cats.