✍如何写好汉字 Chinese Handwriting for Beginners|学写中文字的步骤和方法 How to Write Chinese Characters

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一、态度要端正,有些人不重视写字,认为字写得好不好无所谓,只要答案正确,考试就能得满分,其实不然,把字写好,终身受益。

二、写字的姿势要端正,姿势不正,写出的字也不会端正;眼睛离作业本太近,容易造成近视眼;做作业时弯腰驼背,写出的字歪歪扭扭,大大小小。

三、要勤练,只有通过勤奋的练习。

先要选好你所理想的字帖,又要考虑是否近似你所写的字形,选好了,先看上几遍,分析其中字形要点和结构的规律。这叫“意在字先”,然后用透明白纸先描摹,后临摹,熟记每个字中的关键部位。

具体步骤分述如下:写字的姿势和执笔

(1)坐要正,肩要平,背要直,身子和头部不能歪,更不要低;两眼距桌面约一尺,前胸距桌沿约三寸。

(2)执笔要正,笔尖应直向前,切忌内斜,(只要掌心放平些,笔尖就自然向前);食指指尖距笔尖约一寸。拿笔不正或笔尖向内斜,就写不好捺,写不好横,写不好钩,很难顺手,甚至每写一笔,就得挪动一下右手。同时,写出的线条一无骨气,二无韵律,字形也就谈不到舒展大方。

(3)笔杆的斜度,写大字拿笔往上些,笔杆斜度要稍大,写小字往下些,笔杆斜度稍小。一般的斜度应倾斜在食指关节处,超过这个部位,写出的笔画,不是拘泥,就是呆板。笔杆斜度不适当,笔速要受到局限的,并且不可能写出飘然、神韵的字形来,因此不应倾斜“虎口”处。

(4)握笔要轻松,运笔才自如;握笔太紧,写出的字,不能开阔大方。据在中学讲课所见,一个有五十人的班级里,就有四十五人拿笔不正或笔尖向内斜,大学里也是这样,正是这个缘故,这些同学写出的字,钩不象钩,捺不象捺,笔画全是平拖堆砌。前已说过,写字好坏,在姿势和执笔上有绝对关系。如同木工锯木一样,如果姿势和拿锯不正,即便“线条”画得再直,你也要锯歪的。这和写好字的道理是一样的。

四、学书法的步骤应当怎样安排?

答:先从楷书基本笔画学起,即点、横、竖、撇、捺、提、钩、折八种。一个字好比一台机器,基本笔画练好,等于把“零件”加工好;练好偏旁部首,就好比开始“组装”;练整个字形,就等于进入“总装”。就是说,先学“分解”,后学“连贯”。所以说,楷书是基础,而基本笔画则是基础的基础。

在练写基本笔画时,要分类去练。如练写“丶”时,要把丶、丿、丶、丨等分别练好,然后后再写“连贯”,进行组合。

一般的规律:练楷书先练基本笔画;再练笔画顺序;三练偏旁部首;四练字形结构;五练分行布局。汉字的“点”画写时要加重,如石坠地。

什么样的部位需要什么样的点,要做到“意在笔先”。如“宀”上头的点按钟绍京、欧阳询的写法,用短小竖势书写是比较有力的。

五、学字必先练楷书大家知道,幼儿开始走路时,必先学站立,站稳了才能学迈步,步子熟了,才能快步走,然后跑起来。这和练字的三部曲一样,先练楷;再练行;三练草。

历代书家一致主张,只有练好楷书,基础牢了,再写行、草就容易了。只有练好楷书,写出的字,才能笔不浮滑,体不支离。

要想写好每个字:第一要掌握笔力,这里指的是该用力的笔画就要用力;不该用力的就要轻笔过渡。例如写国、红、真、钢等字,轻重分得清,看起来就会给人以美感。

一般来说,写“丶、一、丨、丶(捺)”等笔画着笔应用力,其它稍轻些。但一个字中的个个笔画不能都用力。

比如,写“人、大、天”等字的撇画应当轻,捺画应当重。相反,撇画写成重,捺画写成轻也可以,总之不能平均用力。

六、基本笔画好练,间架结构说起来好象很难,实际上只要你方法找准,路子对头,是很容易的。比如,你首先练好了基本笔画之后,就有基础功底了。

所说方法找准,路子对头,指的是在结构上分清是独体字,还是合体字。如果是独体字,就要掌握字的中心和重心。

例如“上、下、千、十”等字全是独体字,这就要掌握它的重心:横画稍长,竖画稍短,而竖画必须居中而下(楷书)。如果是合体字,则要分清是左右结构;还是上下结构;是左中右结构,还是上中下结构,是半包结构,还是全包结构。

弄清这六个区别,再按字的定义和组织规律去掌握。这样,就可写出一个完美而秀丽的字形来。

例如:“好”“妈”属于左右结构;“幸”“素”属于上下结构;“常”“掌”属于上中下结构;“匠”“医”属于半包结构;区别这些不同的结构定义,就好办了。比如:幸、素二字的上下两竖,注意居中对齐;常掌二字是个长形体势,不要写太长,稍加紧缩;好妈二字是个左右结构,左边稍小,右边稍大些,只要掌握好疏密得当,参差有序,不就好看了吗?相反,不分字形,疏密不当,一宽一窄,线条轻重不分,那就难看了。

七、要想写好钢笔字,并需要必先练好毛笔字:因为汉字的结构规律完全一样,只是字形大小书写工具及手法不同,两先学哪一种都行。继承和临摹古人作品,应力求形似,神似,但不能丢开个人的风格。

有些人对怎样写好字过于神秘化,也有的人把写好字说成是天生的……。事实上,不论写毛笔字还是写钢笔字,都不需要十年或二十年。只要字帖选好,方法对头,下定恒心,用不上一年的时间就可取得成效。

1. The attitude should be correct. Some people don’t pay attention to handwriting. They think that it doesn’t matter if the handwriting is good or not. As long as the answer is correct, the exam will get full marks. In fact, it is not. Writing well will benefit you for life.

2. The posture of writing should be correct. If the posture is not correct, the written words will not be correct; the eyes are too close to the workbook, which is easy to cause myopia;

3. To practice diligently, only through diligent practice.

You must first choose your ideal copybook, and consider whether it is similar to the font you wrote. After you have selected it, read it several times and analyze the main points of the font and the rules of its structure. This is called “meaning the character first”, and then use transparent white paper to trace first, then copy, and memorize the key parts of each character.

The specific steps are described as follows: writing posture and writing

(1) Sit upright, with flat shoulders and straight back. The body and head should not be tilted, let alone lowered; the eyes should be about one foot away from the table, and the front chest should be about three inches away from the edge of the table.

(2) The pen should be straight, the tip of the pen should be straight forward, and should not be inclined inward, (as long as the palm is flat, the tip of the pen will naturally move forward); the tip of the index finger is about an inch away from the tip of the pen. If you hold the pen incorrectly or the tip of the pen is slanted inward, you will not be able to write well in the stroke, horizontal or hook, and you will have to move your right hand for every stroke. At the same time, the lines written have no backbone and no rhythm, and the fonts cannot be stretched and generous.

(3) The inclination of the pen holder. When writing large characters, take the pen upwards. The pen holder should have a slightly larger inclination. When writing small characters, the pen holder should be slightly inclined. The general slope should be inclined at the index finger joint, beyond this part, the strokes written are either rigid or rigid. The inclination of the pen barrel is not appropriate, the speed of the pen is limited, and it is impossible to write a graceful and graceful glyph, so the “tiger’s mouth” should not be inclined.

(4) The pen should be held lightly, so that the pen can be used freely; if the pen is too tight, the words written cannot be broad and generous. According to what I have seen in middle school lectures, in a class of fifty students, forty-five people hold their pens incorrectly or their nibs are inclined inward. This is also the case in universities. Like the hook, the stroke is not like the stroke, the strokes are all flat and dragged. As I said before, the quality of writing is absolutely related to posture and writing. Just like woodworking sawing wood, if the posture and holding the saw are not correct, no matter how straight the “line” is drawn, you will have to saw it crooked. It’s the same thing as writing well.

4. How should the steps of learning calligraphy be arranged?

Answer: Start with the basic strokes of regular script, namely point, horizontal, vertical, scribbling, pressing, lifting, hooking and folding. A character is like a machine. If you practice the basic strokes well, it is equivalent to processing the “parts”. If you practice the radicals, it is like starting to “assemble”. That is to say, learn “decomposition” first, and then learn “coherence”. Therefore, regular script is the foundation, and basic strokes are the foundation of the foundation.

When practicing and writing basic strokes, they should be classified into practice. For example, when practicing writing “,”, you should practice ,, 丿, ,, 丨 etc. separately, and then write “coherence” to combine.

General rules: practice regular script first practice basic strokes; then practice stroke sequence; third practice radicals; fourth practice character structure; fifth practice branch layout. The “point” of Chinese characters should be emphasized when drawing and writing, like a stone falling to the ground.

What kind of parts need what kind of points, to achieve “intent to the pen first”. For example, the writing style of Zhong Shaojing and Ouyang Xun on the top of “宀” is more powerful in short vertical writing.

5. Learning to calligraphy must first practice regular script. Everyone knows that when a child begins to walk, he must first learn to stand, and then he can learn to walk. This is the same as the trilogy of calligraphy, first practice Kai; then practice Xing; three practice cursive.

The calligraphers of all dynasties unanimously advocated that only by practicing regular script well, the foundation is solid, and then writing line and cursive will be easy. Only by practicing regular script well and writing the characters can the pen not slip and the body not fall apart.

If you want to write every word well: the first thing is to master the power of the strokes, which means that the strokes that should be used with force should be used hard; For example, when writing words such as country, red, true, steel, etc., the severity can be clearly distinguished, which will give people a sense of beauty.

Generally speaking, strokes such as “、、一、丨、、(溺)” should be used with force, and others are slightly lighter. But not all strokes in a word can be used with force.

For example, the scribbling paintings that write the words “people, great, and heaven” should be light, and the strokes should be heavier. On the contrary, it is okay to write down the painting as heavier, and write as light in the drawing, but in short, it is not possible to use equal force.

6. The basic strokes are easy to practice, and the inter-frame structure seems difficult to say, but in fact, as long as you find the right way, it is very easy. For example, after you have practiced the basic strokes first, you will have the basic skills.

The said method is accurate, the way is right, it refers to the structure of distinguishing whether it is a single character or a combined character. If it is a single character, it is necessary to grasp the center and center of gravity of the character.

For example, the characters “up, down, thousand, ten” are all single characters, so it is necessary to grasp the center of gravity: the horizontal painting is slightly longer, the vertical painting is slightly shorter, and the vertical painting must be centered and down (regular script). If it is a combined character, it is necessary to distinguish whether it is a left-right structure; or an upper-lower structure; whether it is a left-middle-right structure, or an upper-middle-bottom structure, a half-package structure or a full-package structure.

Understand these six differences, and then grasp them according to the definition of words and the rules of organization. In this way, a perfect and beautiful font can be written.

For example: “good” and “ma” belong to the left and right structure; “fortunate” and “su” belong to the upper and lower structure; “chang” and “zhang” belong to the upper, middle and lower structure; Definition is easy. For example: the two characters of luck and prime are vertical, pay attention to the center alignment; the two characters of Changzhang have a long body posture, do not write too long, and a little tighter; the two characters of good mother are a left and right structure, the left side is slightly smaller, and the right side is slightly larger. , as long as you master the density properly, and the unevenness is orderly, won’t it look good? On the contrary, if the font is not divided, the density is improper, one is wide and the other is narrow, and the lines are heavy and heavy, it will be ugly.

7. If you want to write well with pen, you must first practice calligraphy with brush: because the structure and rules of Chinese characters are exactly the same, just the size of the font and the writing tools and techniques are different, either of the two will do. Inheriting and copying the works of the ancients, we should strive to be similar in appearance and spirit, but we must not lose our personal style.

Some people are too mystical about how to write well, while others say it’s innate. . . . In fact, it doesn’t take ten or twenty years to write with a brush or with a pen. As long as the copybook is selected, the method is right, and you are determined, you can achieve results in less than a year.


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