北京 , běi jīng , Beijing
北京是中国的首都。 , běi jīng shì zhōng guó de shǒu dū , Beijing is the capital of China.
In the period between 600,000 and 20,000 years ago, the Beijing area was in the Paleolithic period. Typical sites of the Peking Homo erectus in the early Paleolithic period, the Xindongmen in the middle and the late Shanding cavemen were discovered in Zhoukoudian. The Beijing area entered the Neolithic Age no later than 10,000 years ago. At that time, the human settlement life in this area was fixed and gradually migrated out of the caves to settle in the plains.
Beijing, commonly known as Beijing (Chinese pinyin: Běijīng; postal pinyin: Peking), abbreviated as “京”, is the capital and municipality of the People’s Republic of China, and the political, cultural, technological and international exchange center of mainland China, and the third most populous in the world Many cities and the most populous capital have important international influence. Beijing is located on the northwestern edge of the North China Plain, backed by Yanshan Mountain, with Yongding River flowing southwest of the old city, adjacent to Tianjin City and Hebei Province, and is an important part of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei urban agglomeration.
Beijing is the ancient capital of China. It is a historical and cultural city with a history of more than 3,000 years and a history of more than 860 years. Five dynasties of Liao, Jin, Yuan, Ming, and Qing have established their capitals here. Beijing has gathered the modern Chinese culture since the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, has many historical sites and cultural landscapes, and has 7 world heritage sites. It is the city with the largest number of cultural heritage projects in the world. There are many historic sites in Beijing, such as the Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace, Old Summer Palace, Beihai Park, etc.; Hutongs and Siheyuan, as typical residential forms in Beijing’s old city, are already important cultural symbols in the history of Beijing. Beijing is an important tourist town in China, and the “Michelin Travel Guide” rated it as a “three-star travel recommendation” (the highest level).