学中文【变调】Chinese Tone Sandhi Rules – 不bù bú bu/一yī yí yì yi|普通话声调变化规则

 

汉语中的变调规则 Tone Sandhi Rules in Chinese
(Learn Mandarin Tone Changes)

1. 汉字“一”的变调 1. The tone sandhi of the Chinese character “一”

规则#1:当单念或在词组末尾时,“一”字念原调(第1声)。 Rule #1: When pronounced alone or at the end of a phrase, “一” is pronounced in the original tone (first tone).
例词:一;第一;专一。 yī, èr, sān; dì yī; zhuān yī. Examples: one; first; concentrated.

规则#2:在第4声的汉字前,“一”字变为第2声。 Rule #2: Before the Chinese character in the 4th tone, the character “一” becomes the 2nd tone.
例词:一定;一次。 yí dìng; yí cì. Examples: certainly; once.[全文 Read More…]

中文叠词的五种主要形式 Reduplication in Chinese – AA式, AAB式, AAB式, AABB式, ABAB式

 

1.AA式: , 1. AA type:
tiān tiān , 天天 , every day
kàn kan , 看看 , have a look
yàng yàng , 样样 , everything
mā ma , 妈妈 , mother

2.AAB式: , 2. AAB type:
Máo mao yǔ , 毛毛雨 , drizzling
xǐ xǐ shǒu , 洗洗手 , wash hands
hóng hóng de , 红红的 , red

3.ABB式: , 3. ABB style:
yǎn bā bā , 眼巴巴 , eagerly
shuǐ wāng wāng , 水汪汪 , watery
jìng qiāo qiāo , 静悄悄 , quietly
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学中文【“的,地,得”用法】3 Forms of “de” in Chinese – 汉语语法教学 Teaching Chinese Grammar

 

修饰词(形容词/名词/代词/动词)+ “的” + 名词 , Description (adjective/noun/pronoun/verb) + “的” + Noun

  • míng liàng de jiào shì , 明亮的教室 , Bright Classroom
  • zhōng guó de cháng chéng , 中国的长城 , The Great Wall of China
  • wǒ de shū , 我的书 , My Book
  • kàn de diàn yǐng , 看的电影 , Movies to Watch

修饰词(形容词)+ “地” + 动词 , Description (adjective) + “地” + Verb

  • qīng qīng de zǒu , 轻轻地走 , Walk Gently
  • tōu tōu de xiào , 偷偷地笑 , Laugh Secretly

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学中文【程度副词】Adverb of Degree in Chinese – 汉语形容词的“最高级/比较级/原形”

 

zhōng wén chéng dù fù cí , 中文程度副词 , Adverb of Degree in Chinese
zuì hǎo , 最好 , best , 十分好, 非常好, 特别好, 格外好
jiào hǎo , 较好 , better , 比较好, 很好, 相当好
hǎo , 好 , good , 挺好, 不错
yī bān , 一般 , general , 一般般

bù tài hǎo , 不太好 , not too good
bù hǎo , 不好 , not good , 差
jiào bù hǎo , 较不好 , worse , 较差
zuì bù hǎo , 最不好 , worst , 最差

程度副词,是对一个形容词或者副词在程度上加以限定或修饰的副词。 一般位置在被修饰的形容词或者副词之前。(用汉语举例:很,非常,相当, 一点, 明显地……等等。至于语气和感觉是由它们后面的词决定的, 程度副词只是说明它的程度)[全文 Read More…]

中文语序 Chinese Word Order 主语-动词-宾语 subject-verb-object|学汉语 Learn Chinese

 

直观的主语-动词-宾语词顺序

在最基本的层面上,汉语的句子结构与英语惊人地相似。和英语一样,许多基本的汉语句子都使用主语-动词或主语-动词-宾语结构。比如说

Straightforward subject-verb-object word order

At the most basic level, Chinese sentence structure is surprisingly similar to English. As in English, many basic Chinese sentences use a subject-verb or subject-verb-object structure. For example:
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