How to ask 15 Simplest Questions in Chinese 学说中文简单问句|Basic Spoken Chinese for Beginners

疑问句是按照句子的语气分出来的一个类,它与陈述句、感叹句、祈使句的最大区别就是它的疑问语气;是问一些事情的,表达的内容并不是陈述,所以是不确定的;主要有四大句型,一般疑问句、选择疑问句、特殊疑问句和反意疑问句;而反意疑问句是高考英语的语法项目之一。

Interrogative sentences are classified according to the tone of the sentence. The biggest difference between it and declarative sentences, exclamation sentences, and imperative sentences is its interrogative tone; it asks some things, and the content of the expression is not a statement, so it is uncertain; there are mainly Four major sentence types, general interrogative sentences, selective interrogative sentences, special interrogative sentences and anti-meaning interrogative sentences; and anti-meaning interrogative sentences are one of the grammatical items of college entrance examination English.

你几岁了?How old are you?
你喜欢吗?Do you like it?
你能说慢一点吗?Can you speak slower?
你为什么那样做?Why did you do that?
你准备好了吗?Are you ready?
你是怎么知道的?How did you know?
你忙吗?Are you busy?
你确定吗?Are you sure?
多少个?How many?
多少钱?How much is it?
你住在哪里?Where do you live?
你能重复一下吗?Can you repeat it?
你的生日是哪一天?When is your birthday?
我可以出去玩吗?Can I go out to play?
你洗过手吗?Have you washed your hands?

汉语中,一般对疑问句有以下四种分类方式:

是非问句

是非问句是提出问题,要求别人回答“是”或“否”的疑问句。是非问句与一般陈述句的结构形式基本相同,但语调要变为疑问调,或者句末加上疑问语气词。是非问句中经常使用的疑问语气词有“吗、吧、啊”等,但不能使用“呢”。

特指问句

特指问句是用疑问代词代替未知的部分进行提问,要求对方针对未知的部分做出回答的疑问句。特指问句既可以使用疑问调,也可以使用感叹调。特指问句只能使用“呢、啊”等语气词,不能使用“吗、吧”。

选择问句

选择问句是提出两种或两种以上的情况,让对方从中进行选择的疑问句。选择问句经常使用“A还是B”、“是A还是B”等固有格式,选择疑问句全句用or连接。朗读时or前的部分升调or后的部分用降调。使用疑问词时,选择问句常用“呢”,一般不用“吗、啊、吧”。

正反问句

正反问句使用肯定和否定叠和的方式进行提问,希望对方从肯定和否定的内容中做出选择的疑问句。正反问句一般不使用疑问代词或疑问语气词。需要时可用“呢、啊”,一般不用“吗、吧”。

In Chinese, interrogative sentences are generally classified in the following four ways:

Right or wrong question

Right-and-fee questions are questions that ask others to answer “yes” or “no”. The structural form of the right and wrong question is basically the same as that of the general declarative sentence, but the intonation should be changed to an interrogative tone, or interrogative particles should be added at the end of the sentence. Interrogative particles often used in right and wrong questions include “?, bar, ah”, etc., but “N” cannot be used.

Specific question

The specific question is a question that uses interrogative pronouns to replace the unknown part to ask questions and ask the other party to answer the unknown part. The specific question sentence can use either the interrogative tone or the exclamation tone. In particular, the question sentence can only use modal particles such as “ne, ah”, and cannot use “ma, bar”.

Choice question

Choice question is a question sentence that proposes two or more situations for the other party to choose from. Select question sentences often use inherent formats such as “A or B”, “A or B”, etc., and select the whole sentence with or to connect. When reading aloud, the part before or rises or the part after it is reduced. When using interrogative words, you often choose “N” in the question sentence, and generally don’t use “Ma, ah, bar”.

Positive and negative question

Positive and negative questions are used to ask questions in a way of overlapping affirmations and negatives, and the other side is expected to choose between positive and negative content. Interrogative pronouns or interrogative particles are generally not used in positive and negative questions. You can use “Nah, ah” when you need it, but generally don’t use “Why, right”.