Spoken Chinese【副词 Adverbs】中文口语轻松学 – Just刚刚/Maybe也许|Mandarin for Beginners

副词是词性的一种,拼音读作fù cí,是指用以修饰动词,形容词或副词,以表示时间、频率、范围、语气、程度的词。

Adverbs are a type of part of speech, pronounced as fù cí in pinyin, and refer to words used to modify verbs, adjectives or adverbs to express time, frequency, range, tone, and degree.

汉语中最常用的12个副词 The 12 most commonly used adverbs in Chinese

  • wǒ hěn xǐ huān chī qiǎo kè lì . , 我很喜欢吃巧克力。 , I like chocolate very much.
  • wǒ de shù xué chéng jī shì bān shàng zuì hǎo de . , 我的数学成绩是班上最好的。 , My math score is the best in the class.
  • qīng tíng bǐ hú dié gèng duō . , 蜻蜓比蝴蝶更多。 , There are more dragonflies than butterflies.
  • wǒ yě huì tán yóu kè lǐ lǐ . , 我也会弹尤克里里。 , I can also play Ukulele.
  • wǒ men dōu zài kàn diàn shì . , 我们都在看电视。 , We are all watching TV.
  • tā zhǐ xiě le yí gè zì . , 她只写了一个字。 , She only wrote one word.
  • mā ma gāng gāng bǎ fáng jiān zhěng lǐ guò le . , 妈妈刚刚把房间整理过了。 , Mom just cleaned the room.
  • jiě jie zǒng shì rèn zhēn xué xí . , 我的姐姐总是认真学习。 , My sister always studies hard.
  • yǒu shí hou wǒ huì hé bà ba yì qǐ xià qí . , 有时候我会和爸爸一起下棋。 , Sometimes I play chess with my dad.
  • tā cóng lái méi yǒu chī guò là jiāo . , 他从来没有吃过辣椒。 , He has never eaten chili.
  • yě xǔ míng tiān huì xià xuě . , 也许明天会下雪。 , Maybe it will snow tomorrow.
  • diàn chí kuài yào méi diàn le . , 电池快要没电了。 , The battery is almost dead.

 

基本介绍

一般而言,一个词(通常是定语)的后面加“的”接主语或宾语,使定语成形容词,加“地”使其成副词,加“得”接状语表述结果,这是既有的语法守则,但由于“的”、“得”、“地”在普通话中同音,一般难以辨别,且输入法提供的词语不全,因而有所疏忽,因此,在口语中一般已不常作这种细分了。

以副词修饰的句子举例:

“一只非常小的虫轻易地钻进了那个洞穴里”,其中非常和轻易地为副词,小为形容词,虫为主词,钻进为动词,洞穴里指明前往地点。

一些提题时所用的词,像如何、谁、何时、什么等在某方面也可视为副词。

副词的种类

程度副词:非常、绝对、极度、十分、最、顶级、太、更、极其、格外、分外、一直、才、总……

范围副词:也、都、全部、总体、总共、共、统统、又、仅仅、只、光、一概……

时间副词:顺序、频率:首先、其次、已经、曾经、早已、刚刚、正、正在、就、就要、将、将要、曾、刚、才、在……

肯定副词:必、必须、必定、准、的确…..

否定副词:不、非、没、没有、不用、未、别……

情态副词:忽然、猛然、公然、特意、亲自、大肆、肆意……

语气副词:难道、决、岂、反正、也许、大约、大概、果然、居然、竟然、究竟……

地点副词:家、这里、那里、每一处、楼上楼下、随时随地、无处不在、国外……

Basic Introduction

Generally speaking, a word (usually an attributive) is followed by “的” followed by the subject or object, the attributive becomes an adjective, “地” is added to form an adverb, and “得” is followed by an adverbial to express the result. This is the existing Grammar rules, but because “de”, “得” and “地” are homophones in Mandarin, it is generally difficult to distinguish, and the input method provides incomplete vocabulary, so there is some negligence. Therefore, it is generally not often used in spoken language. Subdivided.

Examples of sentences modified with adverbs:

“A very small worm easily got into that cave”, which is very and easily as an adverb, small as an adjective, worm as the main word, burrowing as a verb, and the cave indicates the destination.

Some words used in questioning, such as how, who, when, what, etc., can also be regarded as adverbs in certain respects.

Types of Adverbs

Adverbs of degree: very, absolute, extreme, very, most, top, too, more, extremely, exceptional, exceptional, always, talent, total…

Adverbs of scope: also, all, all, total, total, total, all, again, only, only, light, all…

Adverbs of time: order, frequency: first, second, already, once, long ago, just now, right, being, just, will, will, will, ever, just, just, in…

Adverbs of affirmation: must, must, must, accurate, sure…

Negative adverbs: no, no, no, no, no, no, no…

Modal adverbs: suddenly, suddenly, openly, deliberately, personally, wanton, wanton…

Modal adverbs: do, decide, qi, anyway, maybe, approximately, probably, sure enough, unexpectedly, unexpectedly, after all…

Place adverbs: home, here, there, everywhere, upstairs and downstairs, anytime, anywhere, everywhere, abroad…