汉语词汇类型 – 12 Types of Chinese Vocabulary|名词noun/动词verb/形容词adj.

 

中文词语分类 zhōng wén cí yǔ fēn lèi

①实词(有实际意义的词) ① shí cí (yǒu shí jì yì yì de cí)

  • 名词:学生、桌子、明天、里面、母亲。 míng cí: xué shēng, zhuō zi, míng tiān, lǐ miàn, mǔ qīn.
  • 动词:走、喜欢、应该。 dòng cí: zǒu, xǐ huān, yīng gāi.
  • 形容词:胖、红、快。 xíng róng cí: pàng, hóng, kuài.
  • 数词:一、十、百、千、万。 shù cí: yī, shí, bǎi, qiān, wàn.
  • 量词:个、只、双。 liàng cí: gè, zhī, shuāng.
  • 代词:我、这、哪里。 dài cí: wǒ, zhè, nǎ lǐ.

[全文 Read More…]

Ordering Dishes & Paying the Bill in Chinese 学说汉语【点菜和结帐】|Daily Life Putonghua Conversation

 

点菜和结帐(diǎn cài hé jié zhàng) Ordering Dishes & Paying the Bill

(1) 你们吃什么(nǐ men chī shén me)? What would you like to eat?

(2) 有西兰花吗(yǒu xī lán huā ma)? Do you have broccoli?

(3) 这里面是什么(zhè lǐ miàn shì shén me)? What’s inside?

(4) 要这个(yào zhè ge)。 I want this (one).

(5) 要两瓶啤酒(yào liǎng píng pí jiǔ),三碗米饭(sān wǎn mǐ fàn)。 I would like two bottles of beer and three bowls of rice.

(6) 米饭跟菜一起上(mǐ fàn gēn cài yì qǐ shàng)。I would like to have the dishes served along with the rice.[全文 Read More…]

Greetings in Chinese 学说汉语【问候】|15 Most Used Self-introduction Mandarin Sentences 中文自我介绍

 

问候和自我介绍 (wèn hòu hé zì wǒ jiè shào) Greetings and Self-introduction

(1) 你好(nǐ hǎo)! Hello!
(2) 我叫桑德兰(wǒ jiào sāng dé lán)。 My name is Sandra.
(3) 你是哪国人(nǐ shì nǎ guó rén)? What’s your nationality?
(4) 我是奥地利人(wǒ shì ào dì lì rén)。 I am Austrian.
(5) 我不是大学生(wǒ bú shì dà xué shēng)。I am not a university student.
(6) 我不会说汉语(wǒ bú huì shuō hàn yǔ)。I don’t speak Chinese.
(7) 我会说英语(wǒ huì shuō yīng yǔ)。 I can speak English.
(8) 我喜欢吃中国菜(wǒ xǐ huān chī zhōng guó cài)。I like Chinese food.[全文 Read More…]

学中文【变调】Chinese Tone Sandhi Rules – 不bù bú bu/一yī yí yì yi|普通话声调变化规则

 

汉语中的变调规则 Tone Sandhi Rules in Chinese
(Learn Mandarin Tone Changes)

1. 汉字“一”的变调 1. The tone sandhi of the Chinese character “一”

规则#1:当单念或在词组末尾时,“一”字念原调(第1声)。 Rule #1: When pronounced alone or at the end of a phrase, “一” is pronounced in the original tone (first tone).
例词:一;第一;专一。 yī, èr, sān; dì yī; zhuān yī. Examples: one; first; concentrated.

规则#2:在第4声的汉字前,“一”字变为第2声。 Rule #2: Before the Chinese character in the 4th tone, the character “一” becomes the 2nd tone.
例词:一定;一次。 yí dìng; yí cì. Examples: certainly; once.[全文 Read More…]