中文语序 Chinese Word Order 主语-动词-宾语 subject-verb-object|学汉语 Learn Chinese

 

直观的主语-动词-宾语词顺序

在最基本的层面上,汉语的句子结构与英语惊人地相似。和英语一样,许多基本的汉语句子都使用主语-动词或主语-动词-宾语结构。比如说

Straightforward subject-verb-object word order

At the most basic level, Chinese sentence structure is surprisingly similar to English. As in English, many basic Chinese sentences use a subject-verb or subject-verb-object structure. For example:
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汉语语法与英语相似吗?Is Chinese grammar similar to English|汉语教学入门

 

汉语和英语属于两个完全不同的语系。英语是印欧语系的语言,而汉语是汉藏语系的语言。因此,它们的差异是相当明显的。

Chinese and English belong to two completely different language families. English is an Indo-European language, while Chinese is a Sino-Tibetan language. Thus, their differences are quite pronounced.
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学中文【反语】Types of Irony in Chinese Rhetoric 汉语修辞手法分类-反讽

 
irony-in-chinese

反语是指正话反说或反话正说,又称“反讽”、“反说”、“反辞”等,即通常所说的“说反话”,运用跟本意相反的词语来表达此意,却含有否定、讽刺以及嘲弄的意思,是一种带有强烈感情色彩的修辞方法。不论是正话反说,还是反话正说,比起直白的表达来都更为有力,语气更为强烈,情感更为充沛,给人的印象也更加鲜明。辞表和辞里的极端偏离,使言外之意、弦外之音更为深刻。

例句 Example sentence:
nǐ zhēn cōng ming ! zhè me róng yì de tí mù yě huì zuò cuò ?
你真聪明!这么容易的题目也会做错?
You are so smart! How did you make a mistake for such an easy question?
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汉语词汇类型 – 12 Types of Chinese Vocabulary|名词noun/动词verb/形容词adj.

 

中文词语分类 zhōng wén cí yǔ fēn lèi

①实词(有实际意义的词) ① shí cí (yǒu shí jì yì yì de cí)

  • 名词:学生、桌子、明天、里面、母亲。 míng cí: xué shēng, zhuō zi, míng tiān, lǐ miàn, mǔ qīn.
  • 动词:走、喜欢、应该。 dòng cí: zǒu, xǐ huān, yīng gāi.
  • 形容词:胖、红、快。 xíng róng cí: pàng, hóng, kuài.
  • 数词:一、十、百、千、万。 shù cí: yī, shí, bǎi, qiān, wàn.
  • 量词:个、只、双。 liàng cí: gè, zhī, shuāng.
  • 代词:我、这、哪里。 dài cí: wǒ, zhè, nǎ lǐ.

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学中文【变调】Chinese Tone Sandhi Rules – 不bù bú bu/一yī yí yì yi|普通话声调变化规则

 

汉语中的变调规则 Tone Sandhi Rules in Chinese
(Learn Mandarin Tone Changes)

1. 汉字“一”的变调 1. The tone sandhi of the Chinese character “一”

规则#1:当单念或在词组末尾时,“一”字念原调(第1声)。 Rule #1: When pronounced alone or at the end of a phrase, “一” is pronounced in the original tone (first tone).
例词:一;第一;专一。 yī, èr, sān; dì yī; zhuān yī. Examples: one; first; concentrated.

规则#2:在第4声的汉字前,“一”字变为第2声。 Rule #2: Before the Chinese character in the 4th tone, the character “一” becomes the 2nd tone.
例词:一定;一次。 yí dìng; yí cì. Examples: certainly; once.[全文 Read More…]

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